Nevertheless, mCRP appears to play a more direct or "effector" role in atherosclerosis, in contrast to pCRP, which may be described as a "facilitator" in circulation, awaiting dissociation for focalization of proinflammatory effects to injured sites, such as atheromatous
plaques [88, 93].
A major feature of this process is lipid accumulation, and the atheromatous
plaque can become covered with a fibrous cap over the focal necrotic area in the later stages of this process.
Synthesis of TNF alpha and TGF beta mRNA in the different micro-environments within atheromatous
CT angiography images demonstrated marked diffuse atheromatous
disease of the aorta and its major branches including a posterior penetrating ulcer at approximately the T12 to L1 vertebral levels with evidence of plaque rupture, as demonstrated by an adherent intraluminal filling defect/ thrombus within the aorta (Figures 4A and 4B).
Periodontal pathogens in atheromatous
plaques isolated from patients with chronic periodontitis.
26-30) During experimental induction of atherosclerosis in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus), atheromatous
plaques formed in the arterial intima and inner media.
The result is embolization of either atheromatous
debris or thrombotic debris or both.
Problems related to clip application are the use of inappropriate clip; clip failure; presence of perforating arteries in the clip's leg; an aneurysmal remnant after clipping; slipping of the clip; fracture of atheromatous
plaque; emboliform processes from atheromatous
or thrombotic aneurysm; perforation of aneurysm; shrinkage, stenosis or kinking of parent artery and (manuplational) vasospasm after clip application.
Histomorphometric intimal lesion analysis of the aorta showing less of atheromatous
plaque formation in alpha lipoic acid supplemented group (p<0.
Despite this significant 20--30% decrease in plasma HDL cholesterol, however, it is unlikely to increase the risk of atherosclerosis, as shown by findings in the OPAL study of women taking tibolone who did not have an increase in carotid artery intima-medial thickness or an increase in the number of atheromatous
plaques after 7.
Strain imaging of atheromatous
plaques and blood vessel walls have been produced using the natural pulsations of blood vessels instead of applying direct pressure.
Data suggest that TNF antagonists might stabilize atheromatous
plaques, while other results have shown improved flow-mediated vasodilation and endothelial function associated with TNF antagonists, the researchers said.