(b) The lung fields show multiple atelectatic
changes (red arrows) and bilateral pleural effusion.
Generally, cartilage is used as a graft material in case of atelectatic
ears, high risk perforation and cholesteatoma.
Hart, "Surgical treatment of the atelectatic
ear," Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery, vol.
Furthermore, the intense postoperative pain often leads to the use of narcotics to be controlled, reducing the respiratory function (by suppressing the respiratory drive) causing the reduction of pulmonary hygiene and an increased number of atelectatic
An alternate hypothesis has been proposed where reperfusion injury results in reexpansion pulmonary edema. Absent ventilation and hypoperfusion owing to atelectasis leads to severe hypoxia of the atelectatic
IS group patient tried to achieve their pre-operative level of inspiratory effort and hence resulted in good expansion of lungs, decreased cases of atelectatic
respiratory complications and pulmonary oedema.
Recruitment of atelectatic
lung units is an integral goal of mechanical ventilation, but human lungs are not balloons--they are fractal branches and cannot be perfectly inflated with a constant volume at a constant rate.
Some histological sections exhibited catarrhal bronchitis and atelectatic
changes in association with pronounced eosinophilic granulomatous alveolitis.
Round Atelectasis.--Specimens showing atelectatic
lung with apparent fibrosis and overlying pleural fibrosis, especially in patients with a history of pleural effusions, should prompt consideration of round atelectasis.
PET/CT enabled better differentiation between hypermetabolic tumors and atelectatic
lung parenchyma or areas of adjacent pneumonitis, as previously reported  (Figures 6(a) and 6(b)).
lungs have been shown to be re-opened using high inspiratory pressures and kept open with high levels of PEEP.
In 1(6.6%) of the patients, the atelectatic
area was clearly seen both in MRI and CT.