astroglia

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astroglia

 [ah-strog´le-ah]
neuroglia tissue made up of astrocytes.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt),
One of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue.
See also: neuroglia.
[G. astron, star, + kytos, hollow (cell)]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt, astrŏ-sīt)
One of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue.
See also: neuroglia
Synonym(s): astroglia, macroglia.
[G. astēr, star, + kytos, chamber, cell]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The lack of astroglial reactivity within regions of immunological demyelination raises the question whether this treatment might just kill astrocytes.
Differential Distribution of [Beta]III in Neuronal/Neuroblastic Versus Astroglial Tumors
Giaume, "Plasticity of astroglial networks in olfactory glomeruli," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Hamprecht, "The glutathione system of peroxide detoxification is less efficient in neurons than in astroglial cells," Journal of Neurochemistry, vol.
We previously reported that the EP3 receptor was localized to astroglial end feet around microvessels [64].
Risk of childhood brain tumor in offspring associated with exclusive use of well water during pregnancy among Seattle area subjects with selected characteristics(a) Cases Controls (n = 118) (n = 247) OR(b) 95% CI Dietary characteristic Prenatal vitamins None used 4/19 2/31 9.7 1.0-120 Used prenatal vitamins 14/108 14/216 2.2 0.9-5.0 Cured meats consumed < 5 servings/week 10/82 14/197 1.8 0.7-4.4 [is greater than 8/36 2/50 6.9 1.2-69 or equal to] 5 servings/week Histologic category Astroglial tumors 9/66 11/122 1.6 0.6-4.4 PNET 3/23 1/59 8.7 0.6-464 Other 6/29 4/66 4.0 0.9-21 (a) Restricted to cases and controls reporting either well or public water as the sole source of residential water.
Adame et al., "Astroglial activation of extracellular-regulated kinase in early stages of Alzheimer disease," Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology, vol.
Its mode of action is to attenuate microglial and astroglial mediated neuroinflammation, resulting in reduced burden of neuropathic proteins such as superoxide dismutase-1, alpha-synuclein and beta-amyloid in animal models of neurodegenerative disorders such as ALS, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, respectively.
GFAP reactivity (Figure 1, panel C) confirmed the strong astroglial activation consisting of variably enlarged protoplasmic astrocytes which could be binucleated or multinucleated up to a bizarre appearance.
"The role of Foxg1 in this transition process and its involvement in disorders such as the variants of the Rett and West syndrome suggests that some of the anomalies typical of these syndromes are generated by an alteration of the time scale with which the astroglial cells are generated and opens the way to possible gene therapies."
S100b protein is present in high concentrations in astroglial cells and white matter besides being produced in Schwann cells and peripheral nerve cells.
Cerebrospinal fluid promotes survival and astroglial differentiation of adult human neural progenitor cells but inhibits proliferation and neuronal differentiation.