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a condition in which a newborn does not breathe spontaneously. The asphyxia may develop before or during labor or immediately after delivery. The condition may involve placental or neonatal pulmonary dysfunction with underlying causes that can include abruptio placentae, umbilical compression, or uterine tetany. Other factors include congenital defects, such as a diaphragmatic hernia, or adverse effects of anesthetics or analgesics administered to the mother. Immediate resuscitation is required to prevent death or brain damage. Also called perinatal asphyxia. See also asphyxia livida, asphyxia pallida.
as·phyx·i·a ne·o·na·to·rum(as-fik'sē-ă nē-ō-nā-to'rum)
Asphyxia occurring in the newborn.
A dated term for respiratory failure in the newborn.
See also: asphyxia