aspergilloma


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aspergilloma

 [as″per-jil-o´mah]
the most common kind of fungus ball formed by colonization of Aspergillus in a bronchus or lung cavity.

as·per·gil·lo·ma

(as'per-ji-lō'mă),
A ball-like mass of Aspergillus hyphae colonizing an existing cavity in the lung.
[aspergillus + -oma, tumor]
A tumour-like mass of fungi, classically from the saprobic form of Aspergillus spp, which colonises a preexisting pulmonary cavity
DiffDx—Radiology Abcesses, ankylosing spondylitis, congenital lung cysts, cystic bronchiectasis, emphysematous bullae, cavitary histoplasmosis, neoplasia, radiation fibrosis, sarcoidosis, AIDS
Management Surgical excision of large lesions carries a 5–10% intraoperative mortality rate and a 25–35% complication rate, but, without surgery, potentially fatal haemoptysis occurs in 50–83%

as·per·gil·lo·ma

(as'pĕr-ji-lō'mă)
1. An infectious granuloma caused by Aspergillus.
2. A variety of bronchopulmonary aspergillosis; a ball-like mass of Aspergillus fumigatus colonizing an existing cavity in the lung.

aspergilloma

A tumour-like mass that can form in the lungs in the course of the disease ASPERGILLOSIS. This can cause coughing of blood and may be mistaken for BRONCHIAL CARCINOMA. The condition is common in people with healed tuberculous cavities in the lungs. Surgery to remove that affected parts of the lung may be necessary.

Aspergilloma

A ball or mass made of Aspergillus fungi that can form in the lungs of patients with suppressed immune systems.
Mentioned in: Aspergillosis
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, her underlying hematological disease combined with the incomplete sinus debridement, Intensive care unit admission, and surgical interventions triggered a complicated clinical course including intracerebral aspergilloma and Gram-negative Salmonella bacteremia.
Many factors have been associated with a higher risk of recurrence: malignant diseases [58], aspergilloma [59, 60], idiopathic bronchiectasis [57], and oozing or active bleeding on flexible bronchoscopy [1].
Lin, "Aspergillus endophthalmitis resulting in development of retinal aspergilloma," Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging Retina, vol.
Aspergilloma, on the other hand, is the localized form of infection resulting from colonization of a preexisting tuberculosis or lung abscess cavity usually by Aspergillus fumigatus [1].
Sakhdeo, "Pulmonary aspergilloma with renal oxalosis: Fatal effect at a distance," Mycoses, vol.
Pulmonary aspergilloma (PA) is a saprophyte that infects preexisting pulmonary cavities producing a fungus ball or mycetoma [1].
Pulmonary cavitary mass containing a mural nodule: differential diagnosis between intracavitary aspergilloma and cavitating lung cancer on contrast-enhanced computed tomography.
In cases of lung aspergilloma, aflatoxin has been found in human tissue specimens.
This is a first-in-class azole antifungal for the treatment of pulmonary aspergillosis, including fungal asthma, pulmonary aspergilloma, aspergillus infections in lung transplant recipients and patients with cystic fibrosis.
Aspergillus oryzae: It is toxic species and mycotoxin produced causes damage pulmonary arties and veins causing diseases called aspergilloma.
The former include the sinus fungus ball (once called mycetoma or aspergilloma) and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis which typically affect immunocompetent subjects.