ascitic


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a·scit·ic

(ă-sit'ik), Do not confuse this word with acetic or acidic.
Of or relating to ascites.

a·scit·ic

(ă-sit'ik)
Relating to ascites.

ascites

(a-sit'ez) [Gr. askites from askos, a leather bag]
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ABDOMINAL GIRTH CAUSED BY MASSIVE ASCITES
Edema marked by excess serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Synonym: hydroperitoneum; hydrops abdominis; See: edema; peritonitis; illustrationascitic (-sit'ik), adjective

Etiology

Ascites may be caused by interference in venous return of the heart (as in congestive heart failure), obstruction of flow in the vena cava or portal vein, obstruction in lymphatic drainage, disturbances in electrolyte balance (as in sodium retention), depletion of plasma proteins, cirrhosis, malignancies (such as ovarian cancer), or infections within the peritoneum.

Patient care

Ventilatory effort, appetite and food intake, fluid intake and output, and weight are assessed. The patient should be advised to limit fluid intake to about 1.5L daily and be educated about a low-sodium diet. Both of these interventions may limit or slow the reaccumulation of fluid in the peritoneum. Abdominal girth is measured at the largest point, and the site marked for future measurements. Paracentesis, if necessary, is explained to the patient. Emotional and physical support are provided to the patient throughout the procedure. Desired outcomes include eased ventilatory effort, improved appetite, improved general comfort, and identification of the cause of the accumulated fluid.

ascites chylosus

Chyle in the ascitic fluid, usually due to rupture of the thoracic duct.

diuretic-resistant ascites

Ascites in the peritoneal cavity that cannot be eliminated with diuretic medications such as furosemide and spironolactone. It must be managed with high-volume paracentesis or a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt).

hemorrhagic ascites

Bloody ascites, usually due to malignancy or, occasionally, by tuberculosis.

a·scit·ic

(ă-sit'ik) Do not confuse this word with acetic or acidic.
Of or relating to ascites.
References in periodicals archive ?
The classification of ascitic fluids according to the absence or presence of portal hypertension (PHTN) has been made possible owing to the high precision and minimal invasiveness of SAAG7,16-23.
Patients who refused ascitic fluid paracentesis, those with ascites secondary to causes other than cirrhosis like tuberculosis, malignancy, congestive cardiac failure, kidney disease etc were excluded.
Correlation of tumour markers in ascitic fluid and serum: are measurements of ascitic tumor markers a futile attempt?
Zhu, "Ascitic fluid analysis in the differential diagnosis of ascites: focus on cirrhotic ascites," Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology, vol.
Elhammady et al., "Ascitic fluid calprotectin and serum procalcitonin as accurate diagnostic markers for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis," Gut Liver, vol.
After collection, the ascitic fluid was centrifuged at 1000g for 10 min and the supernatant was centrifuged a second time at 3000g for 10 min to remove remaining cells and cell debris.
A bedside ultrasound revealed minimal ascitic fluid, even though the patient was known to have significant refractory ascites.
A study evaluating cytology in posttransplant patients with histologically confirmed cases of PTLD, revealing 2/7 cases in which cellular proliferation and differentiation were revealed in ascitic fluid [8].
The diagnosis of urinary ascites is confirmed if creatinine is detected in the ascitic fluid [2, 4, 5] and if the ascitic fluid creatinine : plasma creatinine ratio is higher than 1.0 [4, 5].
No bacteria or fungi could be detected from affected organs and ascitic fluid.
Serum ANA was negative, Mantoux test was nonreactive, TSH 1.20 mIU/L, C-reactive protein 59.1 mg/dL, and cancer antigen 125 of ascitic fluid was negative.
The serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) is a reasonably reliable way to differentiate between transudate and exudate fluids (serum albumin minus the ascitic albumen level).