arylsulfatase

(redirected from arylsulphatase)

ar·yl·sul·fa·tase

(ar'il-sŭl'fă-tās),
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phenol sulfates, including cerebroside sulfates (that is, a phenol sulfate + H2O → a phenol + sulfate anion). Some arylsulfatases are inhibited by sulfate (type II) and some are not (type I).
Synonym(s): sulfatase (2)

ar·yl·sul·fa·tase

(ar'il-sŭl'fă-tās)
An enzyme that cleaves phenol sulfates, including cerebroside sulfates (i.e., a phenol sulfate + H2O → a phenol + sulfate anion). Some arylsulfatases are inhibited by sulfate (type II) and some are not (type I).
Synonym(s): sulfatase (2) , arylsulphatase.

arylsulfatase

a group of enzymes active in the hydrolysis of sulfates and the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides; found in liver, pancreas, kidneys and immature monocytes. Several species of molluscs and Aerobacter spp. serve as commercial sources of the enzyme which is used in analytic endocrinology.

arylsulfatase A deficiency
see metachromatic leukodystrophy.
arylsulfatase B deficiency
is the cause of mucopolysaccharidosis VI which occurs in humans and cats. Called also Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Activities of the enzymes [beta]-glucosidase, acid phosphatase, arylsulphatase and hydrolysis of fluorescein diacetate (FDA) were measured using colorimetric methods.
Arylsulphatase activity was determined according to the methodology of Tabatabai and Bremner (1970), dehydrogenase activity according to Casida-Junior et al.
Higher Cd concentration can reduce the activities of essential enzymes such as protease, urease, arylsulphatase and alkaline phosphatase (Lorenz et al.
It is likely that they act as inhibitors of these enzymes; the ability of phenolic compounds to inhibit the variety of enzymes like hydrolases, hyalouronidase, alkaline phosphatise, arylsulphatase, cAMP phosphodiesterase, lipase, a- glucosidase, kinase have already been reported (Rani et al.
Although eosinophils secrete tissue-damaging enzymes (collagenase, peroxidase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, arylsulphatase ribonuclease, and [beta]-glucuronidase) and major basic proteins that are cytotoxic and known to induce myocardial damage, the specific role of eosinophils with respect to the actual timing of events in the pathophysiology of ECM remains to be understood.
Fornasier F, Margon A (2007) Bovine serum albumin and Triton X-100 greatly increase phosphomonoesterases and arylsulphatase extraction yield from soil.
The possibility of complicated curves for simple kinetic schemes and the computer fitting of experimental data for acetylcholinesterase, acid phosphatase, adenosine deaminase, arylsulphatase, benzylamine oxidase, chymotrypsin, fumarase, galactose dehydrogenase, [beta]-galactosidase, lactate dehydrogenase, peroxidase and xanthine oxidase", Biochemical Journal 1980; 187: 739-765.
The authors found that colonization densities of seven saprophytic species (Acremonium butyri, Cladosporium herbarum, Cylindrocarpon destructans, Penicillium janthinellum, Penicillium spinulosum, Plectosphaerella cucumerina, and Trichoderma polysporum) significantly correlated with the acid-phosphatase and arylsulphatase activity in the rhizosphere.
The soil enzymes that have been used for these studies are dehydrogenase, beta-glucosidase, cellulose, phenol oxidase, urease, amidase, phosphatase and arylsulphatase.
Phosphatase and arylsulphatase activities in wetland soils: annual variation and controlling factors.
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by a deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme arylsulphatase A.