artificial

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artificial

 [ahr″tĭ-fish´al]
made by art; not natural or pathologic.
artificial respiration any method of forcing air into the lungs in a person who still has a pulse but whose breathing has stopped. Artificial respiration can be given with no equipment, so that it is an ideal emergency first aid procedure. Ideally, it should be given using a pocket face mask or a bag valve mask; in the absence of emergency resuscitation equipment, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation may be done.
Indications. Artificial respiration can save a life whenever breathing has stopped but heartbeat has not, as in near-drowning, electric shock, choking, gas poisoning, drug poisoning, injury to the chest, or suffocation from other causes. It is also administered along with other procedures in cases of cardiac arrest. Usually one can tell that breathing has stopped by listening, observing, and feeling for respiratory movement. The cause of the stoppage of breathing may be obvious (as when a drowning person is pulled out of the water) or unknown.
Procedure. To be effective, artificial respiration must be begun immediately. At the same time artificial respiration is begun someone should call for emergency medical assistance, but if there is no one to send, artificial respiration should be given in preference to going for help. Any obstruction must be removed from the victim's mouth that would interfere with the passage of air, such as mud, sand, chewing gum, or displaced false teeth. Once begun, artificial respiration should be continued until the victim begins to breathe regularly by himself, until trained emergency personnel take charge, until the rescuer cannot continue because of fatigue, or until a physician determines that the patient is dead. Do not give up easily; victims have recovered as long as 4 hours after artificial respiration was started. If cardiac arrest occurs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be started. If only one person is present, that person should provide both alternately.Once revived, the victim is kept quiet, covered to prevent chills, and given other first aid for shock.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

artificial

adjective Made by art; man-made; synthetic; not natural.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Patient discussion about artificial

Q. I am allergic to most of artificial perfumes and body sprays. is there is any method of treatment? If posible, also i need some advices about how to keep my body odour fresh and cool.

A. It depends what you mean by allergic. If you mean that all deodorants/ perfumes and such cause you skin rash - or eczema (a type of mild dermatitis), then it is a very known reaction to ingredients in those products that contain alcohol. You should buy only product that say 'anti-perspirant' on them, meaning they are less likely to cause such allergies. If you are suffering from mal body odur you should bathe twice a day (and use also an 'anti-perspirant' soap.) and consult a dermatologist on the proper treatment for you.

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References in classic literature ?
But one evening, when the artificial bird was singing its best, and the Emperor lay in bed listening to it, something in the bird went crack.
The moonlight had broadened and brightened, the wind had driven off the clouds and itself died fitfully away, when he came round again to the artificial lake in front of the house.
Even had he been able to enter into the true spirit he would have found it hard to keep that spirit in his translation, using as he did the artificial heroic couplet.
Imitating Petrarch, Wyatt nearly limits himself as regards substance to the treatment of the artificial love-theme, lamenting the unkindness of ladies who very probably never existed and whose favor in any case he probably regarded very lightly; yet even so, he often strikes a manly English note of independence, declaring that if the lady continues obstinate he will not die for her love.
Another cause of a pompous and artificial mode of life, among those who could afford it, was that the example was set by the royal governors.
Engineers are at work, now, turning the open roadstead into a spacious artificial harbor.