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artificial

 [ahr″tĭ-fish´al]
made by art; not natural or pathologic.
artificial respiration any method of forcing air into the lungs in a person who still has a pulse but whose breathing has stopped. Artificial respiration can be given with no equipment, so that it is an ideal emergency first aid procedure. Ideally, it should be given using a pocket face mask or a bag valve mask; in the absence of emergency resuscitation equipment, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation may be done.
Indications. Artificial respiration can save a life whenever breathing has stopped but heartbeat has not, as in near-drowning, electric shock, choking, gas poisoning, drug poisoning, injury to the chest, or suffocation from other causes. It is also administered along with other procedures in cases of cardiac arrest. Usually one can tell that breathing has stopped by listening, observing, and feeling for respiratory movement. The cause of the stoppage of breathing may be obvious (as when a drowning person is pulled out of the water) or unknown.
Procedure. To be effective, artificial respiration must be begun immediately. At the same time artificial respiration is begun someone should call for emergency medical assistance, but if there is no one to send, artificial respiration should be given in preference to going for help. Any obstruction must be removed from the victim's mouth that would interfere with the passage of air, such as mud, sand, chewing gum, or displaced false teeth. Once begun, artificial respiration should be continued until the victim begins to breathe regularly by himself, until trained emergency personnel take charge, until the rescuer cannot continue because of fatigue, or until a physician determines that the patient is dead. Do not give up easily; victims have recovered as long as 4 hours after artificial respiration was started. If cardiac arrest occurs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be started. If only one person is present, that person should provide both alternately.Once revived, the victim is kept quiet, covered to prevent chills, and given other first aid for shock.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

artificial

adjective Made by art; man-made; synthetic; not natural.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Patient discussion about artificial

Q. I am allergic to most of artificial perfumes and body sprays. is there is any method of treatment? If posible, also i need some advices about how to keep my body odour fresh and cool.

A. It depends what you mean by allergic. If you mean that all deodorants/ perfumes and such cause you skin rash - or eczema (a type of mild dermatitis), then it is a very known reaction to ingredients in those products that contain alcohol. You should buy only product that say 'anti-perspirant' on them, meaning they are less likely to cause such allergies. If you are suffering from mal body odur you should bathe twice a day (and use also an 'anti-perspirant' soap.) and consult a dermatologist on the proper treatment for you.

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References in periodicals archive ?
She quickly recognizes the artificiality and even pomposity of the community and sets about trying to get its members to live as she does--directly and honestly.
In their obvious artificiality, these blurry forms both accentuate and undermine the intense verisimilitude of what surrounds them, particularly in those works where they less resemble supernatural beings than marks scoured on the image's surface.
Opera has a built-in artificiality you don't get in conventional theatre: people sing all the time, to the accompaniment of a full orchestra.
Other works are not so subtle on this central theme of the artificiality forced on most women in contemporary culture--such as the picture of a woman seemingly strapped to a hospital bed.
In the innovative fiction of the present times, the focus of the narrative has shifted from the delineation of character to the process of the creation of fiction and the artificiality of the text.
When his work was completed, Colt told the club: 'I do not want to see any artificiality about the course.
So it seems that we are faced with a remarkable irony: that in an age of increasing artificiality, children first need to sink their hands deeply into what is real; that in an age of light-speed communication, it is crucial that children take the time to develop their own inner voice; that in an age of incredibly powerful machines we must first teach our children how to use the incredible powers that lie deep within themselves.
THE ARTIFICIALITY OF CHRISTIANITY: ESSAYS ON THE POETICS OF MONASTICISM.
Despite its artificiality, the border between Mexico and the United States strongly affects the way environmental and human health problems are addressed in the region where these two nations meet.
/ I make you fast and sure." Even through the artificiality of this courtly lyric, we gain access to Henry's thinking about women.
Despite the artificiality and silliness of the situation, all of us rose to the occasion and tried to take our task seriously.
There is some degree of artificiality in this system, since cepacia is not a classical word but a later scientific coinage, formed from the classical Latin caepa.