artificial ventilation


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ar·ti·fi·cial ven·ti·la·tion

any means of producing gas exchange mechanically or manually between the lungs and the surrounding air, which is not performed entirely by the person's own respiratory system.

artificial ventilation

the process of supporting respiration by manual or mechanical means when normal breathing is inefficient or has stopped. If artificial ventilation is unsuccessful, the patient is repositioned and the airway is tested for the presence of an obstruction. Also called artificial respiration. See also cardiopulmonary resuscitation, resuscitation, ventilator.

ar·ti·fi·cial ven·ti·la·tion

(ahr'ti-fish'ăl ven'ti-lā'shŭn)
The process of supporting breathing by application of mechanical or manual means, when normal breathing is inefficient or not present.
Synonym(s): artificial respiration.

artificial ventilation

; artificial respiration depression of anterior chest wall by external manual pressure to maintain pulmonary air flow (see basic life support; cardiopulmonary resuscitation)

ar·ti·fi·cial ven·ti·la·tion

(ahr'ti-fish'ăl ven'ti-lā'shŭn)
Any means of producing gas exchange mechanically or manually between the lungs and the surrounding air, but not performed entirely by the person's own respiratory system.

ventilation

renewal or exchange of gas in an enclosed space.
1. the process or act of supplying a building or part of it continuously with fresh air.
2. in respiratory physiology, the process of exchange of air between the lungs and the ambient air. Pulmonary ventilation (usually measured in liters per minute) refers to the total exchange, whereas alveolar ventilation refers to the effective ventilation of the alveoli, where gas exchange with the blood takes place. See also air movement.

alveolar ventilation
the amount of gas expelled from the alveoli to the outside of the body per minute.
artificial ventilation
see artificial respiration.
assisted ventilation
the depth of spontaneous ventilation is augmented by the anesthetist, as by squeezing the rebreathing bag.
controlled ventilation
breathing is done entirely by a mechanical device or the anesthetist squeezing the rebreathing bag.
dead space ventilation
see dead space.
high frequency ventilation
mechanical ventilation that delivers gas at more than four times the normal rate of breathing.
intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV)
a type of mechanical ventilation in which the ventilator is set to deliver a prescribed tidal volume at specified intervals and a high-flow gas system permits the patient to breathe spontaneously between cycles. The ventilator rate is set to maintain the patient's Paco2 at normal levels and is reduced gradually to zero as the patient's condition improves.
intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV)
the provision of mechanical ventilation by a machine designed to deliver breathing gas until equilibrium is established between the patient's lungs and the ventilator. IPPV machines are positive-pressure, pressure-cycled, assister-controller (pneumatic) devices.
Because of their compact size and capability of operating independently of an electrical current, the IPPV machines have the most widespread applicability in the employment of a form of treatment called intermittent positive-pressure breathing.
maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV)
the maximal volume that can be exhaled per minute by the patient breathing as rapidly and deeply as possible.
mechanical ventilation
that accomplished by extrinsic means.
minute ventilation
the total amount of gas (in liters) expelled from the lungs per minute.
ventilation mismatch
mismatches of ventilation and blood flow, as in chronic obstructive lung disease, are a common cause of hypoxemia.
ventilation:perfusion ratio
the ratio of air ventilation to the blood perfused. Called also VA/Q. The degree of oxygenation of the blood and the proportional excretion of CO2 are both dependent on both variables being optimal.
positive pressure ventilation
administration of oxygen under pressure, usually by use of an anesthetic bag or mechanical ventilator. See also continuous positive airway pressure, positive end-expiratory pressure.
spontaneous ventilation
breathing without the assistance of any ventilator or mechanical device.
total ventilation
the amount of air moved out of (or into) the airways and alveoli over a specified time period.
References in periodicals archive ?
The third strategy (mixed mode) combines natural and artificial ventilation in transition spaces such as lobbies, foyers and the courtyard.
1) The horrific impact of the polio epidemic of the early 1950's were the major impetus for the development of practical, effective means of providing artificial ventilation.
In our patient population, gravitational therapy led to a significant improvement of pulmonary function paired with a fundamental reduction of the invasiveness of artificial ventilation support," Dr.
According to relatives, the pregnant woman fell into coma and is still connected to the artificial ventilation of the lungs.
Tenders are invited for Apparatus for respiratory support of newborns (Lot 1); The device of artificial ventilation of lungs portable with pneumatic drive (Lot 2)
Severe hypoxia may require oxygen therapy and artificial ventilation.
Any Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists trainee who takes the time to study their College arms and crest will find the supporter on the left to be Andreas Vesalius, the first person to record the use of artificial ventilation to sustain life (1).
More than two years ago, the health authorities made it obligatory for tobacco manufacturers to print an image of a sickly man living on an artificial ventilation machine, on packets of cigarettes.
Her parents have waged a battle on her behalf in the courts, around whether she should be given artificial ventilation if her condition worsened.
Unless given other instructions, emergency personnel will attempt to resuscitate you by chest compression and artificial ventilation if your heart stops beating or you stop breathing.