artificial skin

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Any synthetic material designed to replace skin lost through burns or trauma, which ideally would have the physicochemical properties of skin—e.g., optimal ‘wetting’ and ‘draping’—leading to adherence, decreased bacterial invasion and fluid loss, eliciting cellular and vascular invasion, and synthesising a dermal matrix while biodegrading the artificial graft
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

artificial skin

Critical care Any synthetic material designed to have the physicochemical properties of skin–eg, optimal 'wetting' and 'draping,' leading to adherence, ↓ bacterial invasion and fluid loss, eliciting cellular and vascular invasion, synthesizing a dermal matrix while biodegrading the artificial graft. See Burns, Dermagraft-TC, Integra Artificial Skin. Cf Split-thickness graft, Spray-on-skin.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


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The organ that forms the outer surface of the body. It shields the body against infection, dehydration, and temperature changes; provides sensory information about the environment; manufactures vitamin D; and excretes salts and small amounts of urea.

Skin consists of two major divisions: the epidermis and the dermis. Depending on its location and local function, skin varies in terms of its thickness, strength, presence of hair, nails, or glands, pigmentation, vascularity, nerve supply, and keratinization. Skin may be classified as thin and hairy or thick and hairless (glabrous). Thin hairy skin covers most of the body. Glabrous skin covers the surface of the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and flexor surfaces of the digits. See: illustration; hair for illus; burn; dermatitis; dermis; eczema; epidermis; rash

alligator skin

Severe scaling of the skin with formation of thick plates resembling the hide of an alligator. See: ichthyosis

artificial skin

Human skin equivalent.

bronzed skin

Brownish hyperpigmentation of the skin, seen in Addison's disease and hemochromatosis, some cases of diabetes mellitus, and cirrhosis.

deciduous skin


elastic skin

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

foreign bodies in the skin

Objects that enter the skin accidentally or are inserted deliberately. The areas involved are cleaned carefully. Foreign material can be removed carefully piece by piece or by vigorous swabbing with gauze or a brush and a soapy solution. A sterile dressing should be used.

For removal of a small foreign body, the area is cleaned first with mild soap and warm water. A clean needle can be sterilized by heating it to a dull or bright red in a flame; this can be done with a single match. Because both ends of the needle get hot, it is wise to hold the far end in a nonconductor such as a fold of paper or a cork. The needle is allowed to cool. A black deposit on its surface should be disregarded; it is sterile carbon and does not interfere with the procedure. The needle is introduced at right angles to the direction of the sliver, and the sliver is lifted out. Most people attempt to stick the needle in the direction of the foreign body and consequently thrust many times before they manage to lift the sliver out. When the sliver is removed, an antiseptic is applied and the wound covered with a sterile dressing. Tetanus antitoxin or a tetanus booster may be required, depending on the history of immunization.

glabrous skin

Skin that does not contain hair follicles, such as that over the palms and soles.

glossy skin

Shiny appearance of the skin due to atrophy or injury to nerves.

hidebound skin


loose skin

Hypertrophy of the skin.

parchment skin

Atrophy of the skin with stretching.

photoaged skin

Skin changes caused by chronic sun exposure. This condition is prevented by avoiding suntanning and sunburning and has been treated with topical tretinoin and chemical peels.
Synonym: photodamaged skin

photodamaged skin

Photoaged skin.

piebald skin


scarf skin

The cuticle, epidermis; the outer layer of the skin.

sun-damaged skin

Photoaged skin.

tissue-engineered skin

Human skin equivalent.

true skin

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
As quantitative suspension tests are not an accurate reflection of the environmental conditions under which AD garments are worn on a patient's skin, a real-life setup of affected AD skin was used, based on artificial skin inoculated with S.
In this work, we report a kind of artificial skin of carbon nanotube lines/silicone polymer.
In this study, the artificial skin membrane was used to simulate the stratum corneum side of human skin.
Reconstruction of burn scar of the upper extremities with artificial skin. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001; 108(2):378-384.
Patient Grahame Elsmore, 56, from Wednesbury, told how her how he is helping with artificial skin research after he was badly injured 21 years ago.
Natural and artificial skin end up changing places, interpenetrating, dissolving into each other and becoming blurred in pictorial fiction.
The unit has the latest dressing materials, artificial skin substitutes and surgical techniques, ensuring that we always remain on the cutting-edge of burn care developments.
An artificial skin graft called Matriderm was used for the first time to reconstruct the layers of her badly-damaged hand.
In conclusion, asiaticoside promotes skin cell behaviors involved in wound healing; and as a bioactive component of an artificial skin, may have therapeutic value.
He manages to nurse her back from the brink of death and becomes obsessed with trying to create an artificial skin which can return her to her
Other researchers are investigating depositing artificial skin on burn victims to promote healing and prevent infection.