artificial insemination


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insemination

 [in-sem″ĭ-na´shun]
the deposit of seminal fluid within the vagina or cervix.
artificial insemination that done by artificial means. There are two primary types: Artificial insemination by husband (AIH) involves depositing the husband's or sexual partner's sperm from a specimen, obtained during masturbation, into the vagina, cervical canal, or uterine cavity of the recipient. Donor insemination or Artificial insemination by donor (AID) involves the same techniques but the sperm is from a donor other than the husband or partner.

ar·ti·fi·cial in·sem·i·na·tion

introduction of semen into the vagina other than by coitus.

artificial insemination

n.
Introduction of semen into the vagina or uterus without sexual contact.

artificial insemination

The (non-sexual) instillation of sperm-bearing semen in the vagina, cervix or endocervical canal to fertilise an egg; ± 75,000 women/year (US) undergo AI.
 
Artificial insemination-related infections
Chlamydia trachomatis, CMV, herpes, gonorrhoea, HBV, HIV, Trichomonas vaginalis.

artificial insemination

Reproductive medicine The instillation of sperm-bearing semen in the vagina, cervix, or endocervical canal to fertilize an egg; ± 75,000 ♀/yr–US undergo AI. See Assisted reproduction, Intracervical insemination, Intrauterine insemination, Intratubal insemination.

ar·ti·fi·cial in·sem·i·na·tion

(ahr'ti-fish'ăl in-sem'i-nā'shŭn)
The introduction of semen into the vagina other than by coitus.

artificial insemination

A method of achieving pregnancy when normal sexual intercourse is impossible, or when the male partner is sterile. Fresh semen is taken up in a narrow syringe or pipette and injected high into the vagina or into the mouth of the womb. The success rate is high. An example of positive EUGENICS is artificial insemination with sperm from anonymous donors guaranteed to be of high mental or physical calibre. The frozen sperm of certain Nobel Prize winners is stored, for this purpose, by the Repository for Germinal Choice, founded in 1979. See AID, AIH.

artificial insemination (AI)

the introduction of spermatozoa into the reproductive tract of a female animal without COPULATION in order to achieve fertilization. The method is used routinely in animal breeding to transfer genetic material over large distances and to achieve many fertilizations in different females from one ejaculation of semen. In the case of humans, AI is used sometimes in attempts to achieve fertilization where normal methods have failed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table1.Effect of insemination doses on pregnancy rate after artificial insemination
"Such statements may give rise to discriminative views in the society towards the children born through artificial insemination
Through artificial insemination, researchers have been able increase the number of pandas in captivity to more than 300 - a number that experts say should remain steady.
Turkey bans trips abroad for artificial insemination. BBC News, 15 March 2010.
The Prison Service said: "Prisoners may apply for access to artificial insemination. Each request will be considered by the Secretary of State against a number of considerations."
Given the advantages offered by artificial insemination (AI), this is perhaps the biotechnology with greater impact on equine breeding, because a stallion can leave hundreds of offsprings over his reproductive life if AI is efficiently used (1).
A study into the drug clomifene citrate and artificial insemination found that couples using either method did not have significantly higher chances of falling pregnant than those not having treatment.
The European Commission, on 21 March, formally requested (second stage of an infringement procedure) that Austria modify its animal breeding law which hinders the provision of bovine artificial insemination services by foreign artificial insemination stations.
A LIVERPOOL solicitor is representing a convicted murderer and his wife who want to have a child by artificial insemination before his release from prison.
The revolution described in the report has been caused by a variety of developments: high divorce rates; single-parent childbearing; support for same-sex "marriage;" artificial insemination, and proposals to allow children conceived with the use of sperm and egg donors to have three legal parents.
Amir married Larissa Trimbobler by proxy in 2004 and in June the Israeli Supreme Court upheld their right to conceive, but limited their efforts to artificial insemination because the Prisons Service opposed allowing them conjugal visits.

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