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made by art; not natural or pathologic.
artificial respiration any method of forcing air into the lungs in a person who still has a pulse but whose breathing has stopped. Artificial respiration can be given with no equipment, so that it is an ideal emergency first aid procedure. Ideally, it should be given using a pocket face mask or a bag valve mask; in the absence of emergency resuscitation equipment, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation may be done.
Indications. Artificial respiration can save a life whenever breathing has stopped but heartbeat has not, as in near-drowning, electric shock, choking, gas poisoning, drug poisoning, injury to the chest, or suffocation from other causes. It is also administered along with other procedures in cases of cardiac arrest. Usually one can tell that breathing has stopped by listening, observing, and feeling for respiratory movement. The cause of the stoppage of breathing may be obvious (as when a drowning person is pulled out of the water) or unknown.
Procedure. To be effective, artificial respiration must be begun immediately. At the same time artificial respiration is begun someone should call for emergency medical assistance, but if there is no one to send, artificial respiration should be given in preference to going for help. Any obstruction must be removed from the victim's mouth that would interfere with the passage of air, such as mud, sand, chewing gum, or displaced false teeth. Once begun, artificial respiration should be continued until the victim begins to breathe regularly by himself, until trained emergency personnel take charge, until the rescuer cannot continue because of fatigue, or until a physician determines that the patient is dead. Do not give up easily; victims have recovered as long as 4 hours after artificial respiration was started. If cardiac arrest occurs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be started. If only one person is present, that person should provide both alternately.Once revived, the victim is kept quiet, covered to prevent chills, and given other first aid for shock.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


adjective Made by art; man-made; synthetic; not natural.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Patient discussion about artificial

Q. I am allergic to most of artificial perfumes and body sprays. is there is any method of treatment? If posible, also i need some advices about how to keep my body odour fresh and cool.

A. It depends what you mean by allergic. If you mean that all deodorants/ perfumes and such cause you skin rash - or eczema (a type of mild dermatitis), then it is a very known reaction to ingredients in those products that contain alcohol. You should buy only product that say 'anti-perspirant' on them, meaning they are less likely to cause such allergies. If you are suffering from mal body odur you should bathe twice a day (and use also an 'anti-perspirant' soap.) and consult a dermatologist on the proper treatment for you.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, the hydrogel is used as dual-cytokine carrier for bone repair in our previous studies, which VEGF-165 and BMP-2 could be effectively loaded and sustainably released for a long period of 3 weeks.[38] It is expected that by using proper microspheres prepared by biocompatible materials such as PLGA, which could be infiltrated into the 3D porous structure of artificial bone scaffold, a multilayer delivery system could be constructed.[39] Multiple cytokines including VEGF-165, PDGF-BB, and BMP-2 could be embedded into artificial bone successfully and stably.[40] Through negative pressure loading process and the following state transfer of the thermosensitive hydrogel under body temperature, the cytokine-loaded microspheres could be effectively combined within the 3D structure.
Dong-Woo Jang et al (2012) Microwave sintering and in vitro study of defect-free stable porous multilayered HAp-ZrO2 artificial bone scaffold Sci.
Kuraray thus aimed to develop the third type, a artificial bone graft that could replace autologous bone grafts.
Recently there has been a gradual adoption of implants of artificial bone made from ceramic materials such as hydroxyapatite.
Artificial bone scaffolds have been made from a wide variety of materials, such as polymers and peptide fibers.
It means he now has an artificial bone in his neck held in by a metal plate and two screws with the wound sealed by 22 staples.
Biotechnology end-users use the instruments to measure artificial bone, ligament materials, and other biomaterials.
If there was no rupture, artificial bone was implanted using a push rod and the entrance was smeared with bone wax.
Moreover, the structure of the artificial bone is completely compatible with the morphology of human bone.
A bone biopsy needle was then used to fill in the large defect with artificial bone (Figure 5).
The incomplete fracture was stabilized with a proximal femoral nail (synthes) [[Figure 2]d, left and middle], the fracture site was impacted with an artificial bone graft (ALLOMATRIX[sup]?