arthrokinematics

ar·thro·kin·e·mat·ics

(ahr'thrō-kin'ĕ-mat'iks)
The study of movements between adjoining articular (joint) surfaces.
[arthro- + G. kinēma, kinēmatos, movement, + -ics]

arthrokinematics

(ar″thrō-kin″ĕ-mat′iks) [ arthro- + kinematics]
Description of the movement of the joint surfaces when a bone moves through a range of motion. Arthrokinematic movements include rolling and gliding of a joint
arthrokinematic, adjective
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References in periodicals archive ?
Almost all studies prove that either backpack that is heavy can alter arthrokinematics of spine which leads to restrictive lung function.
This theory applies only to a change in initial occlusal contacts and not to maximum intercuspation, which is a structural position and is therefore not affected by head posture.1,5 8,13,15 To appreciate how maxillary occlusal position is altered by changes in head posture, a review of occipito-atlantal (O-A) joint arthrokinematics (intimate joint mechanics) and synovial joint mechanics is helpful.8 Kapandji59 states that in extension or backward bending of the cranium, the occipital condyles slide anteriorly on the lateral masses of the atlas (C-1).
The nonrigid nature of the technique restores the normal arthrokinematics by reconstructing the coracoclavicular ligaments with an autograft which is then protected by the AC Dog Bone artificial ligaments until full incorporation.
Invivo hip arthrokinematics during supine clinical exams: application to the study of femoroacetabular impingement.
Arthrokinematics in a subgroup of patients likely to benefit from a lumbar stabilization exercise program.
Grade five mobilizations is designed to restore mobility to the joint also have the added benefit of pain reduction due to a restoration of normal joint arthrokinematics (glide roll etc.).
Core stabilization training improves neuromuscular system efficiency that leads to optimal arthrokinematics in the lumbopelvic-hip complex during functional kinetic chain movements, optimal acceleration, deceleration, optimal muscular balance and provides proximal stability for efficient lower extremity movements (20).
(12,25,26) It is also suggested that distorted arthrokinematics resulting in muscular imbalances and neurological alterations to muscle and joint function subsequent to injury can be significant factors in injury recurrence to the site of initial injury and to surrounding muscle groups.
To resolve any confusion with interpretation, we should define the movement plane with respect to the plane of movement through space, which is not to be confused with the multiplanar perspective of arthrokinematics of joint movement.
These changes include pathologic laxity, impaired arthrokinematics, synovial changes, and the development of degenerative joint disease, which may occur in combination or isolation [11].

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