arthrocentesis


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arthrocentesis

 [ahr″thro-sen-te´sis]
surgical puncture of a joint cavity for aspiration of fluid.

ar·thro·cen·te·sis

(ar'thrō-sen-tē'sis),
Aspiration of fluid from a joint performed by needle puncture.
[arthro- + G. kentēsis, puncture]

arthrocentesis

A procedure in which a needle is introduced into a joint and fluid removed for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
 
Diagnostic indications
Idiopathic joint effusions or arthritic complaints, suspected infectious arthritis, suspected gout, monitoring of antibiotic response in patient with septic arthritis.
 
Therapeutic indications
Decompress painful joint effusion, evacuate pus from a septic joint, remove inflammatory infiltrate and crystals in patient with gout, inject corticosteroids.

arthrocentesis

Closed joint aspiration, joint tap Orthopedics A procedure in which a needle is introduced into a joint and fluid removed for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes Diagnostic indications Idiopathic joint effusions or arthritic complaints, suspected infectious arthritis, suspected gout, monitoring of antibiotic response in Pt with septic arthritis Therapeutic indications Decompress painful joint effusion, evacuate pus from septic joint, remove inflammatory infiltrate and crystals in Pt with gout, inject corticosteroids

ar·thro·cen·te·sis

(ahr'thrō-sen-tē'sis)
Aspiration of fluid from a joint through a needle.
[G. arthron, joint + G. kentēsis, puncture]

arthrocentesis

(ar″thrō-sen-tē′sĭs) [ arthro- + centesis]
Enlarge picture
ARTHROCENTESIS
Entry into a joint space with a needle to remove fluid. See: illustration

arthrocentesis

Puncturing a joint with a needle to withdraw fluid.

Arthrocentesis

A procedure in which the doctor inserts a needle into the patient's joint to withdraw fluid for diagnostic testing or to drain infected fluid from the joint.
Mentioned in: Infectious Arthritis

ar·thro·cen·te·sis

(ahr'thrō-sen-tē'sis)
1. Aspiration of fluid from a joint by needle puncture.
2. Sometimes used for a procedure in which an affected joint is flushed with a corticosteroid.
[G. arthron, joint + G. kentēsis, puncture]
References in periodicals archive ?
Both arthrocentesis and arthroscopic washing, according to our review, were effective in PMSA.
state that intra-articular injection of MIA by arthrocentesis is an effective, minimally invasive method for reproducing OA in rabbit TMJ, with loss of articular cartilage and lesions which imitate human OA four weeks after inducement.
Two stations were selected: intubation (for day-1 sessions) and arthrocentesis (for day-2 sessions).
For this, joint arthrocentesis and a synovial fluid analysis must be performed routinely.
Arthrocentesis of the knee was aseptically performed without lavage at the time of the first evaluation or at the beginning of the arthroscopic surgery.
Patients in group A were treated with conservative measures and arthrocentesis procedure.
The patients in all four cases were treated with TMJ arthrocentesis and IV antibiotics, with Bast et al.
Patients with suspected septic arthritis should be immediately referred for diagnostic arthrocentesis as delay in appropriate antibiotic therapy within the first 24 to 48 hours of onset can result in subchondral bone loss and permanent joint dysfunction.
"Some-times we see people between flares, or it's already started to improve so there's not enough fluid to perform an arthrocentesis," Dr.
(18), 2011, Fracture reduction prospective (54.5) observational case series Laceration repair (18.8) Incision and drainage of abscess (16.8) Arthrocentesis (6) Other (2.9) Langhan et al.
Shortly, after the first admission of the patients to the hospital, synovial fluid was collected during routine diagnostic or therapeutic arthrocentesis. A total of 30 patients were included in this study, 15 (9 males and 6 females, between 9-48 years old) with post-traumatic damage (PTD) of the knee joints were considered as a control group and those, diagnosed with Lyme arthritis, (8 females and 7 males, between 58-68 years old) were the studied group.