caused by femoral cannulation performed for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can be prevented by the perfusion of the lower extremity.
Fifty percent of the patients have underlying systemic diseases.1 Diagnosis of PG might be challenging because many other diseases share almost the same clinical picture such as infectious, vasculitis, malignancy, insect bites, and venous or arterial insufficiency
.4 Dermatologists should have a lower threshold of skin biopsy for any chronic ulcer of the penis.
Venoocclusive dysfunction, arterial insufficiency
, and continuous venous leakage are shown to be the causes of erectile dysfunction after penile fracture (7).
During early follow-up there were no complications or evidence of coronary arterial insufficiency
In this duration, a peak systolic velocity of less than 25 cm/sec was taken as the threshold for arterial insufficiency
. An end-diastolic velocity of greater than 5 cm/sec was taken as the threshold to say venous incompetence.
Exclusion criteria included no diabetes mellitus, temperature difference < 2[degrees]C between the feet, duration > 3 months, foot ulcers, prior foot surgery, new objective foot deformities, bilateral Charcot foot, infection in the foot, antiosteoporotic medication, arterial insufficiency
, or foot or toe amputation on either side.
The main causes of acute arterial insufficiency
are thrombosis and embolism; it is possible that complications occur during their respective treatments including compartmental syndrome and reperfusion syndrome .
Tissue swelling and increased pressure within the tunica albuginea can ultimately lead to arterial insufficiency
Some published cases have shown that KS lesions can mimic venous ulcers, arterial insufficiency
, vascular ulcers, and chronic infected wounds (11).
When assisting with leech therapy, clinical nurses should be able to distinguish between arterial insufficiency
and venous congestion.
The pathophysiology of splenic infarcts included either CMV mononucleosis associated arterial insufficiency
leading to rapidly enlarging spleen and resultant infarct or an arterial embolism .
Leg ulcers are mainly caused by venous insufficiency, arterial insufficiency
, neuropathy, diabetes (Figure 1), or a combination of these factors.4 Venous ulcers are the most common type of leg ulcers, accounting for approximately 70% of cases.5,6,7