Tissue swelling and increased pressure within the tunica albuginea can ultimately lead to arterial insufficiency
Some published cases have shown that KS lesions can mimic venous ulcers, arterial insufficiency
, vascular ulcers, and chronic infected wounds (11).
When assisting with leech therapy, clinical nurses should be able to distinguish between arterial insufficiency
and venous congestion.
Leg ulcers are mainly caused by venous insufficiency, arterial insufficiency
, neuropathy, diabetes (Figure 1), or a combination of these factors.
is manifested by a pale color of the replanted part, loss of turgor, slow capillary refill, low temperature, and absent pulse.
CONCLUSION: Ultrasound should be the first modality to asses the patient having arterial insufficiency
because of low cost, non-invasive, no risk for radiation, no contrast related reactions and nephrotoxicity.
Literature search on DVT risk factors highlights increasing age immobilisation active rheumatologic disease acute myocardial infarction (AMI) arterial insufficiency
cancer central catheters hormone therapy congestive heart failure cerebrovascular accidents infection surgical procedures inflammatory bowel disease nephritic syndrome obesity paresis of legs severe respiratory diseases thrombophilias and varices/chronic venous insufficiency.
Certain chronic wounds do not heal in cases such as type-2 diabetes (these wounds can lead to amputation), neuropathic ulcers, venous stasis ulcers, and arterial insufficiency
Results of the case series by Breuing et al (9) suggest that pressure ulcers, arterial insufficiency
ulcers, and nonhealing/surgical wounds may respond better to noncontact low-frequency US than venous stasis and diabetic foot ulcers, in terms of healing.
Chronic ulceration may be seen with arterial insufficiency
, arteriovenous fistulae, peripheral neuropathies, vasculitides, rheumatoid arthritis, blood dyscrasias, e.
The age-associated diseases studied were high blood pressure, angina pectoris (heart-related chest pain), heart attack, peripheral arterial insufficiency
(narrowing and hardening of arteries supplying the legs and feet), cerebrovascular disease (like stroke), adult-onset diabetes, chronic obstructive lung disease, chronic liver disease, reduced kidney function, cancer, and osteoporosis (severe loss of bone mineral density) or fractures not caused by severe trauma.
Diagnosis and treatment of chronic arterial insufficiency
of the lower extremities.