arsine


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arsine

 [ahr´sēn]
any of several colorless, volatile arsenical bases that are highly toxic and carcinogenic; the most common one is AsH3, arsenous hydride. Some of their compounds have been used in warfare, and a major industrial use is in the production of microelectronic components. Inhalation leads to massive red blood cell hemolysis with secondary renal failure and jaundice. A garliclike odor may be noted with high concentrations.

ar·sine

(ar'sēn),
A cell and blood poison, many organic derivatives of which have been used in chemical warfare.

arsine

/ar·sine/ (ahr´sēn) any member of a group of volatile arsenical bases; the typical is AsH3, a carcinogenic and very poisonous gas; some of its compounds have been used in warfare.

arsine

[ahr′sēn]
any of several colorless, volatile arsenical bases that are highly toxic and carcinogenic; the most common one is AsH3, arsenous trihydride. Some of these compounds have been used in warfare, and a major industrial use is in the production of microelectronic components. Inhalation leads to massive red blood cell hemolysis with secondary renal failure and jaundice. A garliclike odor may be noted with high concentrations. Initial symptoms include headache, vertigo, and nausea.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arsine can be produced by the reduction of arsenic (III) oxide with zinc and acid.
The facility located near the Tainan Science Park will offer technical support as well as just-in-time delivery of such products as silane, ammonia, phosphine, arsine, and nitrogen triflouride.
Arsine Sahverdiyan, 61, of 27 Longworth Road, the driver of the other vehicle, was critically injured.
There has been no leak of arsine or any other gas at TSMC Fab 7 in the recent past.
For instance, one fungus growing on wallpaper has been found to release the highly toxic gas arsine from arsenic-containing pigments (Gravesen et al.
The gases affected include ammonia, arsine, boron trifluoride, chlorine, ethylene oxide, cyanides, diborane, fluorine, hydrogen bromide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen sulfide, phosphine and sulfur dioxide.
Arsine Sahverdiyan, 61, of 27 Longworth Road, was listed in critical condition last night by a nursing supervisor.
The leak involved arsine gas, a highly toxic and flammable gas used exclusively in the manufacturing of semiconductors.
Mykrolis Corporation (NYSE: MYK), a leading supplier of components and subsystems to the semiconductor industry, today introduced the Aeronex(R) SK hydride purification media for purifying hydride gases such as ammonia, arsine, phosphine, germane, and silane.
The SDS3 is initially available in JY-size cylinders, for arsine, phosphine, and enriched boron trifluoride gas species.
It is not metabolized in the body and it does not form an arsine with sodium borohydride with the conventional hydride generation method [38-41].
To understand the potential human health effects of various atmospheric levels of arsine, a toxic gas used in semiconductor processing, a risk assessment was conducted to develop acceptable exposure limits for the on-site and community populations which might be impacted by an accidental release of the chemical.