aristolochic acids


Also found in: Encyclopedia.

a·ris·to·loch·ic ac·ids

(ă'ris-tō-lō'kik as'idz),
Aromatic mixtures of nitrophenanthrene derivatives from plants of the genus Aristolochia. Some are components of various Chinese herbal medications, known to cause interstitial renal fibrosis that can progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) even after discontinuation of intake. Some are potent carcinogens, employed in animal and bacterial studies. Human urothelial carcinomas can result from their use.
References in periodicals archive ?
One batch (16080020) is also contaminated with very low levels of aristolochic acid. Both amygdalin and aristolochic acid are included in Schedule 10 to the Poisons Standard, which lists substances considered to pose an unacceptable risk to health.
De Prezet al., "Aristolochic acids induce chronic renal failure with interstitial fibrosis in salt-depleted rats," Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol.
Aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is one of the best-known iatrogenic kidney diseases caused by Aristolochia herbal medications [1].
At present time a lot of derivatives of aristolochic acids have been found and their structures also reported (Michl et al., 2014; Kumar et al., 2003).
With the outcome of their study, the researchers hope to raise awareness of the risks of aristolochic acids and reduce the global disease burden from this severe condition.
On May 31, 2000, the Food and Drug Administration issued a letter to health care professionals concerning the nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity of botanical products containing aristolochic acid. During this time, the FDA also issued a letter to representatives of the dietary supplement trade associations, urging them to review their manufacturing procedures and ensure botanical products are free of aristolochic acid.
In the present work, we determined better conditions to extract and detect aristolochic acids from lower biomass samples.
Quantitative analysis of aristolochic acids, toxic compounds, contained in some medicinal plants.
The preparation has attracted widespread attention, since it caused aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) [2, 3].
The scientists reviewed worldwide cases of aristolochic acid nephropathy (N) - a type of kidney failure caused by the intake of these acids.