areolar tissue

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to areolar tissue: reticular tissue, Areolar connective tissue


a group or layer of similarly specialized cells that together perform certain special functions.
adenoid tissue lymphoid tissue.
adipose tissue connective tissue made of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue.
areolar tissue connective tissue made up largely of interlacing fibers.
bony tissue osseous tissue.
brown adipose tissue (brown fat tissue) brown fat.
bursa-equivalent tissue (bursal equivalent tissue) a hypothesized lymphoid tissue in nonavian vertebrates including human beings, equivalent to the bursa of Fabricius in birds: the site of B lymphocyte maturation. It now appears that B lymphocyte maturation occurs primarily in the bone marrow.
cancellous tissue the spongy tissue of bone.
cartilaginous tissue the substance of cartilage.
chordal tissue the tissue of the notochord.
chromaffin tissue a tissue composed largely of chromaffin cells, well supplied with nerves and vessels; it occurs in the adrenal medulla and also forms the paraganglia of the body.
cicatricial tissue the dense fibrous tissue forming a cicatrix, derived directly from granulation tissue; called also scar tissue.
connective tissue the tissue that binds together and is the support of the various structures of the body; see also connective tissue.
elastic tissue connective tissue made up of yellow elastic fibers, frequently massed into sheets.
endothelial tissue peculiar connective tissue lining serous and lymph spaces.
epithelial tissue a general name for tissues not derived from the mesoderm.
erectile tissue spongy tissue that expands and becomes hard when filled with blood.
fatty tissue connective tissue made of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue.
fibrous tissue the common connective tissue of the body, composed of yellow or white parallel elastic and collagen fibers.
gelatinous tissue mucous tissue.
granulation tissue material formed in repair of wounds of soft tissue, consisting of connective tissue cells and ingrowing young vessels; it ultimately forms cicatrix.
gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) lymphoid tissue associated with the gut, including the tonsils, Peyer's patches, lamina propria of the gastrointestinal tract, and appendix.
indifferent tissue undifferentiated embryonic tissue.
interstitial tissue connective tissue between the cellular elements of a structure.
lymphadenoid tissue tissue resembling that of lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, tonsils, and lymph vessels.
lymphoid tissue a latticework of reticular tissue whose interspaces contain lymphocytes.
mesenchymal tissue embryonic connective tissue composed of stellate cells and a ground substance of coagulable fluid.
mucous tissue a jellylike connective tissue, such as occurs in the umbilical cord. Called also gelatinous tissue.
muscular tissue the substance of muscle.
myeloid tissue red bone marrow.
nerve tissue (nervous tissue) the specialized tissue forming the elements of the nervous system.
osseous tissue the specialized tissue forming the bones.
reticular tissue (reticulated tissue) connective tissue composed predominantly of reticulum cells and reticular fibers.
scar tissue cicatricial tissue.
sclerous t's the cartilaginous, fibrous, and osseous tissues.
skeletal tissue the bony, ligamentous, fibrous, and cartilaginous tissue forming the skeleton and its attachments.
splenic tissue red pulp.
subcutaneous tissue the layer of loose connective tissue directly under the skin.
tissue typing identification of tissue types for purposes of predicting acceptance or rejection of grafts and transplants. The process and purposes of tissue typing are essentially the same as for blood typing. The major difference lies in the kinds of antigens being evaluated. The acceptance of allografts depends on the hla antigens (HLA); if the donor and recipient are not HLA identical, the allograft is rejected, sometimes within minutes. The HLA genes are located in the major histocompatibility complex, a region on the short arm of chromosome 6, and are involved in cell-cell interaction, immune response, organ transplantation, development of cancer, and susceptibility to disease. There are five genetic loci, designated HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-D, and HLA-DR. At each locus, there can be any of several different alleles.

Each person inherits one chromosome 6 from the mother and one from the father; that is, each parent transmits to the child one allele for each kind of antigen (A, B, C, D, and DR). If the parents are different at both alleles of a locus, the statistical chance of one sibling being identical to another is one in four (25 per cent), the chance of being identical at one allele only (half-identical) is 50 per cent, and the chance of a total mismatch is 25 per cent.
Techniques for Tissue Typing. Histocompatibility testing involves several basic methods of assay for HLA differences. The most widely used method uses the polymerase chain reaction to compare the DNA of the person, organ, or graft being tested with known pieces of the genes encoding MHC antigens. The variability of these regions of the genes determines the tissue type of the subject.

Serologic methods are used to detect serologically defined antigens on the surfaces of cells. In general, HLA-A, -B, and -C determinants are primarily measured by serologic techniques. A second method, involving lymphocyte reactivity in a mixed lymphocyte culture, for determining HLA-D or lymphocyte-defined antigens, is now only rarely used.

Essentially, the serologic method is performed by incubating target lymphocytes (isolated from fresh peripheral blood) with antisera that recognize all known HLA antigens. The cells are spread in a tray with microscopic wells containing various kinds of antisera and are incubated for 30 minutes, followed by an additional 60-minute complement incubation. If the lymphocytes have on their surfaces antigens recognized by the antibodies in the antiserum, the lymphocytes are lysed. A dye is added to show changes in the permeability of the cell membrane and cellular death. The proportion of cells destroyed by lysis indicates the degree of histologic incompatibility. If, for example, the lymphocytes from a person being tested for HLA-A3 are destroyed in a well containing antisera for HLA-A3, the test is positive for this antigen group.
white adipose tissue (yellow adipose tissue) the adipose tissue composing the bulk of the body fat.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

a·re·o·lar tis·sue

loose, irregularly arranged connective tissue consisting of collagenous and elastic fibers; ground substance that is rich in proteoglycans, glycoproteins, and glycosaminoglycans; and connective tissue cells (fibroblasts, macrophages, mast cells, and sometimes fat cells, plasma cells, leukocytes, and pigment cells).
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

are·o·lar tis·sue

(ă-rē'ō-lăr tish'ū)
Loose, irregularly arranged connective tissue that consists of collagenous and elastic fibers, a protein polysaccharide ground substance, and connective tissue cells (fibroblasts, macrophages, mast cells, and sometimes fat cells, plasma cells, leukocytes, and pigment cells).
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Areolar tissueclick for a larger image
Fig. 45 Areolar tissue . Generalized structure.

areolar tissue

connective tissue consisting of a gelatinous matrix that includes large fibroblasts which synthesize COLLAGEN white fibres and yellow elastic fibres, ameoboid MAST CELLS which secrete the matrix, fat-filled cells, and phagocytic MACROPHAGES. Areolar tissue occurs beneath skin and between adjacent tissues and organs.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A skeletonization applies to a "naked" takedown of the RA, free of the concomitant veins, perivascular fat and areolar tissue as well as of the surrounding adventitia.
Sequential "jump" anastomoses and composite arterial grafting can be done more easily and with greater precision as the venae comitantes, perivascular fat, and areolar tissue do not obscure the anastomosis;
(2,8) However, most otologists recommend early surgical exploration and repair with various materials, such as subcutaneous areolar tissue, fat, perichondrium, fascia, fibrin glue, and microfibrillar collagen.
Pledgets like used in dental surgery are used to clear the loose areolar tissue in the direction of vessels.
The cavitation effect created by the active blade of the HARMONIC WAVE separates the areolar tissue without significant bleeding and makes identification of the ureter easier.
The danger space was first described by Grodinsky and Holyoke in 1938 as the loose areolar tissue that extends from the skull base to the diaphragm between the alar and prevertebral divisions of the deep layer of the deep cervical fascia.
INTRODUCTION: Repair of Tympanic membrane perforation has been done with several autogenous graft materials like temporalis fascia, tragalperichondrium with cartilage, choncalperichondrium with cartilage, areolar tissue from above temporalis fascia, ear lobule fat and scar tissue.
This approach also makes it possible to produce traction on the peritoneum and facilitate separation of the areolar tissue between the bladder and cervix to enter the vesicovaginal space.
(3) Usually the sac lies in the loose areolar tissue between the internal oblique and the external oblique muscles and enlarges laterally.
However, a reduction in the available space required for normal embryonic development can occur because the axilla contains many lymph nodes, adipocytes, and loose areolar tissues. In addition, extreme shoulder extension or flexion during uterine development may compress the axillary artery and surrounding nerves, and thus, the anatomical characteristics of the axilla can include unusual fusions and absorptions of the vascular plexus and result in the variations reported here.