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1. something that limits; a limitation.
2. see restriction endonuclease.
area restriction in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the limitation of patient mobility to a specified area for purposes of safety or behavior management.
fluid restriction the limitation of oral fluid intake to a prescribed amount for each 24-hour period. This therapeutic measure is indicated in patients who have edema associated with kidney disease, such as nephrosis and glomerulonephritis, or Laënnec's cirrhosis, and also in certain patients with pulmonary edema.
Patient Care. Approaches to the problem of discomfort from thirst and dryness of the mouth include careful distribution of the fluid intake over the entire 24 hours in small, frequent drinks; giving oral medications at mealtime, when not contraindicated, so as to allow sips of liquid at other times; providing cold water for rinsing the mouth without swallowing between drinks; giving hard candy and chewing gum; and allowing patients to choose the fluids they prefer to drink. Frequent mouth care with a refreshing mouthwash also is helpful.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.