was used as a positive control at a concentration of 50 mg/ml, while DMSO was used as a negative control.
Pure (98%) arbutin
powder (Sigma) (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) were dissolved in distilled water and injected into mice intraperitoneally, 2-h before irradiation.
is also a popular lightening agent that is naturally occurring in the dry leaves of bearberry, cranberry, and other plants.
He estimated that the chemicals are 100 times more effective in reducing melanin pigmentation than the common skin whitening agents kojic acid and arbutin
, which have been used in cosmetics for more than 30 years.
Pharmaceticals Amoxicillin R Ampicillin R Cefuroxime R Ciprofloxacin S Clindamycin S Erythromycin R Levofloxacin S Penicillin R Potassium Clavula R Sulfamethoxazole S Tetracyclin S Trimethoprim-Sulfa S Botanicals 5-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone S Black Walnut Alliin R Garlic Arbutin
R Uva Ursi Artemisinin R Wormwood Berberine S Goldenseal Caprylic acid S Octanoic acid Carvacrol S Oregano Oleuropein R Olive Leaf Quinic Acid S Cats Claw Thymol S Oil of Thyme Undecylenic acid S Undecylenic acid
The interest for more credits is growing each day," stated biljana arbutin
from sparkasse bank.
Dentre os ingredientes ativos utilizados em cosmeticos especificos estao os clareadores, tais como arbutin
, hidroquinona, vitamina C, acido kojico e acido fitico; os que ativam a circulacao e drenam os liquidos da regiao, como Camomila, Hamamelis, Tilia, Arnica, Bardana e vitamina K1; os que aceleram a remocao da melanina por aumentar a reposicao celular--descamacao, como a vitamina A ou retinol (GHOSH et al.
The evergreen leaves are poisonous to grazing animals, due to the presence of andromedotoxin and arbutin
Used as the drug raw material are the leaves, their quality being determined by the quantity of the main pharmacologically active substance, arbutin
Other more restricted chemical classes of compounds produced by some Rosiflorae families are: diarylheptanoids in Myricaceae; phloroglucinol derivatives (common in ferns) in Rosaceae (Murakami and Tanaka, 1988); lignans are restricted to three families: Casuarinaceae, Gunneraceae and Rosaceae; coumarins to Rosaceae, Crassulaceae, Buxaceae and Saxifragaceae; hydroquinone glycosides as arbutin
in Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Casuarinaceae, Buxaceae, Saxifragaceae and Rosaceae; anthraquinones as emodin and chrysophanol in Saxifragaceae and Rosaceae.
No other product on the market combines hydroquinone (which is known to bleach melanin) and kojic, azaleic, retinoic acids and vitamin C--all recommended by dermatologists for better-looking skin--and the natural ingredients melatonin, arbutin
and licorice root, according to a company spokesman.
has announced its recent discovery that skin whitening power made with turmeric is four times as strong as that made with the conventional arbutin