arbovirus


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Related to arbovirus: Arbovirus Encephalitis

arbovirus

 [ahr´bo-vi″rus]
a term used by epidemiologists to refer to any of numerous viruses that replicate in blood-feeding arthropods such as mosquitoes and ticks and are transmitted to humans by biting. adj., adj arbovi´ral.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ar·bo·vi·rus

(ar'bō-vī'rŭs),
A name for a large, heterogeneous group of RNA viruses. There are more than 500 species, which are distributed among several families (Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Bunyaviridae, Arenaviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Reoviridae), and have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most, but not all, are arthropod borne. These taxonomically diverse animal viruses are unified by an epidemiologic concept, that is, transmission between vertebrate hosts by blood-feeding (hematophagous) arthropod vectors (for example, mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, and midges). Although about 100 species can infect humans, in most instances diseases produced by these viruses are of a mild nature and difficult to distinguish from illnesses caused by viruses of other taxonomic groups. Apparent infections may be separated into several clinical syndromes: undifferentiated-type fevers (systemic febrile disease), hepatitis, hemorrhagic fevers, and encephalitides.
[ar, arthropod, + bo, borne, + virus]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

arbovirus

(är′bə-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, and include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue.

ar′bo·vi′ral adj.
ar′bo·vi·rol′o·gy (är′bō-vĭ-rŏl′ə-jē) n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

arbovirus

A large, heterogeneous group of single-stranded RNA viruses with an envelope surrounding the capsid, which are so named as most are transmitted by the saliva of haematophagous arthropod bites, i.e., are arthropod-borne.
 
Clinical findings
Most arboviral infections are mild, but may include haemorrhagic fever, encephalitis, systemic fever complex and hepatitis.
 
Vectors
Mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks.
 
Families
Arenavirus, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Toagaviridae.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

arbovirus

Virology A large, heterogeneous group of single stranded RNA viruses with an envelope surrounding the capsid, which are so named as most are transmitted by arthropod bites, ie are ARthropod-BOrne Vectors Mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks Clinical Most arboviral infections are mild; clinical syndromes include hemorrhagic fever, encephalitis, systemic fever complex, hepatitis Families Arenavirus, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Toagaviridae See California encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, St Louis encephalitis, Yellow fever, Western equine encephalitis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ar·bo·vi·rus

(ahr'bō-vī'rŭs)
A large, heterogeneous group of RNA viruses. There are more than 500 species, which have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents. These taxonomically diverse viruses are unified by an epidemiologic concept, i.e., transmission between vertebrate hosts by blood-feeding arthropod vectors, such as mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, and midges. In most instances diseases produced by these viruses are mild and difficult to distinguish from illnesses caused by viruses of other taxonomic groups. Infections may be separated into several clinical syndromes: undifferentiated type fevers (systemic febrile disease), hepatitis, hemorrhagic fevers, and encephalitides.
[ar, arthropod, + bo, borne, + virus]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

arbovirus

Any of the hundred or so viruses transmitted by an arthropod vectors such as mosquitoes, bugs, lice, ticks and mites. The group includes viruses that cause various forms of ENCEPHALITIS, haemorrhagic fevers, YELLOW FEVER, DENGUE, Kyasanur Forest disease, Rift Valley fever and Chikungunya Forest fever.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

arbovirus

any virus that is ARTHROPOD-borne, e.g. the yellow-fever virus carried by the mosquito Aedes aegypti.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Vector abundance was examined by species and by month to evaluate vector species dynamics throughout the arbovirus season--an important factor in optimizing resource allocation.
Smith et al., "National Arbovirus and Malaria Advisory Committee.
En paises como Venezuela, donde la endemia es alta para otras arbovirosis como el dengue y mas recientemente chinkungunya, las autoridades de salud deben fortalecer sus sistemas de vigilancia para detectar precoz y oportunamente la introduccion del virus y afinar los metodos de diagnostico para confirmar la infeccion indice; sin embargo, las altas casuisticas para estos agentes virales parecen reflejar sistemas de vigilancia debilitados, no sensibles y poco oportunos, asi como escases de medidas de control para vectores, por ende surge la interrogante si este arbovirus se hara emergente en nuestro pais y si se establecera como los otros en forma endemo-epidemica y si esto llevara a alterar su comportamiento clinico y la severidad de la enfermedad?
Arbovirus infections in Sarawak: Further observations on mosquitoes.
A floresta amazonica e uma das maiores reservas de arbovirus do mundo, nao so devido as condicoes climaticas favoraveis, mas tambem a grande diversidade da fauna, com abundante variedade de artropodes hematofagos e vertebrados silvestres, que constituem os elementos fundamentais para a manutencao desses virus (2).
An arbovirus expert in CDC has stated: "Chandipura virus, an infrequently recognized rhabdovirus, was attributed to large outbreaks of viral encephalitis; however, compelling evidence suggests that the relationship of illness and the virus are questionable" (17).
The division has three branches: the Arbovirus Diseases Branch, the Bacterial Zoonoses Branch, and the Dengue Branch.
WNV infections in humans, birds, mosquitoes, and nonhuman mammals are reported to the CDC through ArboNET, an Internet-based arbovirus surveillance system managed by state health departments and the CDC.