ARB

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ARB

ARB

abbr.
angiotensin II receptor blocker

angiotensin II receptor antagonist

Any of a family of agents (e.g., losartan and valsartan) that block the binding of angiotensin II (A-II) to their cognate cell receptors—AT1, AT2 and others. First-generation ARAs included the sartan family of agents, which only block AT1, interacting with the amino acids in the transmembrane domains to block the binding of A-II to AT1.

ARAs are an alternative to ACEI therapy in patients with CHF; unlike ACEIs, ARAs do not interfere with bradykinin and prostaglandin metabolism, interference of which has been linked to some of the adverse effects of ACEI therapy, particularly to cough and angioedema.

ARB

Abbreviation for angiotensin II receptor blocker.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, risk arbitrageurs on FV collars may incur a greater loss than those for FEX collars.
An implication of Gromb and Vayanos is that regulatory intervention may affect arbitrageurs' financial constraints by reducing their capital and margin requirements or by providing financing to those institutions that provide capital to arbitrageurs.
First, preferred-habitat investors trade bonds of their preferred maturities and do not buy or sell bonds across maturities, while arbitrageurs buy and sell across maturities.
To be aggressive is a reasonable strategy if institutions are acting as short-term arbitrageurs.
Institutional limits on arbitrage prevent arbitrageurs from trading away information inefficiencies that result not from market risk, but from the structure of the institutions through which the arbitrageurs act.
t] denotes the total financial resources available to the arbitrageur at time t (t = 1,2,3).
Therefore, profit is made by the arbitrageur in all three possible outcomes.
If the S&P stock index is at $345 and the S&P futures are at $342, the arbitrageur will sell the more expensive basket of S&P stocks and buy the cheaper future contract.
Ang and Cheng further note that both advantages are important to arbitrageurs as well as hedgers.
It was also the postal agency that spearheaded the investigations in the late 1980s leading to the high-profile convictions of arbitrageur Ivan Boesky and junk-bond king Mike Milken for insider trading and securities fraud.
Absent this certainty, an arbitrageur would not know whether he would be able to maintain his position over time since seemingly irrational changes might force a trade to be undone at a loss.