arachnoid

(redirected from arachnoids)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to arachnoids: Arachnids

arachnoid

 [ah-rak´noid]
1. resembling a spider's web.
2. the delicate membrane interposed between the dura mater and the pia mater, and with them constituting the meninges.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

a·rach·noid mat·er

[TA]
a delicate fibrous membrane forming the middle of the three coverings of the central nervous system. In life, the arachnoid (specifically the arachnoid barrier cell layer) is tenuously attached to the externally adjacent dura mater (specifically the dural border cell layer), and no natural space occurs at the dura-arachnoid interface. Thus, in a spinal puncture, dura mater and arachnoid are penetrated simultaneously as if a single layer. Separation of the arachnoid mater from the dura mater (usually through the dural-border cell layer) may result from traumatic or pathologic processes creating what is commonly, but incorrectly, called a subdural hematoma. The arachnoid mater is named for the delicate, spiderweblike filaments that extend from its deep surface, through the cerebrospinal fluid of the subarachnoid space, to the pia mater. See: cranial arachnoid mater, spinal arachnoid mater.
See also: leptomeninx.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

arachnoid

(ə-răk′noid′)
n.
A delicate fibrous membrane forming the middle of the three coverings of the brain and spinal cord, closely attached to the dura mater.

a·rach′noid′al adj.

arachnoid

(ə-răk′noid′)
adj.
1. Anatomy Of or relating to a delicate membrane enclosing the spinal cord and brain.
2. Of, relating to, or resembling arachnids.
3. Covered with or consisting of thin, soft, entangled hairs or fibers resembling those of a cobweb or spider's web.
n.
1. An arachnid.
2. Anatomy A delicate membrane that encloses the spinal cord and brain and lies between the pia mater and dura mater.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

arachnoid

adjective
(1) Spider-like in appearance
(2) Cobweb-like; covered with or consisting of entangled soft fibres or hair-like material.
 
noun A member of the arachnid family.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

arachnoid

adjective Like a cobweb, covered with or consisting of entangled soft fibers or hair-like material noun A member of the arachnoid family
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

a·rach·noid mat·er

(ă-rak'noyd mā'tĕr) [TA]
A delicate fibrous membrane forming the middle of the three coverings of the central nervous system. In life the arachnoid (specifically the arachnoid barrier cell layer) is tenuously attached to the externally adjacent dura mater (specifically the dural border cells) and there is no naturally occurring space at the dura-arachnoid interface. Thus, in a spinal puncture, dura mater and arachnoid are penetrated simultaneously as if a single layer. Separation of the arachnoid mater from the dura mater (usually through the dural border cell layer) may result from traumatic or pathologic processes creating what is commonly, but quite incorrectly, called a subdural hematoma. The arachnoid mater is named for the delicate, spiderweblike filaments that extend from its deep surface, through the cerebrospinal fluid of the subarachnoid space, to the pia mater.
Synonym(s): arachnoidea mater [TA] , arachnoid membrane, arachnoidea, arachnoides.
[G. arachnē, spider, cobweb, + eidos, resemblance]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

arachnoid

The delicate middle layer of the three MENINGES covering the spinal cord and brain, lying between the pia mater and dura mater. Unlike the pia mater, the arachnoid bridges over the grooves (sulci) on the surface of the brain and covers many large blood vessels lying in the sulci. Bleeding from any of these vessels causes a subarachnoid haemorrhage. From the Greek arachne , a spider.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

arachnoid

  1. the middle of the three membranes (see MENINGES that cover the brain and spinal cord.
  2. see ARACHNID.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Arachnoid

One of the membranes that sheathes the spinal cord and brain; the arachnoid is the second-layer membrane.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

arachnoid 

The middle member of the three meninges covering the brain, the spinal cord and the optic nerve. From the optic nerve it becomes continuous with the sclera. See sclera.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

Patient discussion about arachnoid

Q. What is the treatment for an arachnoid cyst? My 15 year old son has just been diagnosed with an arachnoid cyst. What is the treatment? Is an operation necessary?

A. An operation is not always necessary, it depends on the size and location of the cyst. I suggest you take your son to a neurologist or a neurosurgeon for further consult.

Q. info on arachnoid cyst in the right posterior fossa

A. Basically it's like a small sac filled with fluid. The problem is that the skull is a rigid closed space, which means that if there's something other than the brain, it'll occupy space, usually on expense of the brains' space. These kinds of problems are often referred to as "space occupying lesion".

It's usually congenital (i.e. develops during pregnancy), and even when it cause symptoms they develop slowly.

YOu can read more here (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arachnoid_cyst)

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about arachnoid
This content is provided by iMedix and is subject to iMedix Terms. The Questions and Answers are not endorsed or recommended and are made available by patients, not doctors.