arachidic acid


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ar·a·chid·ic ac·id

(a-ră-kid'ik as'id),
A saturated fatty acid in peanut oil, butter, and other fats.
[Arachis, fr. G. arakis, leguminous weed]
References in periodicals archive ?
As indicated, arachidic acid is the common component of Radix Puerariae and Carthamus tinctorius.
Fatty acids Percentage Myristic acid 0.2090 Palmitic acid 12.84 Palmitoleic acid 0.2812 Heptadecanoic acid 0.1047 Stearic acid 3.3884 Oleic acid 22.5836 Linoleic acid 58.2370 Arachidic acid 0.2250 Eicosenoic acid 0.3839 Behenic acid 0.0356 Lignoceric acid 0.0414 Table 2 Chemical compositions of volatile oil component of N.
The others were lauric acid (0.2%), myristic acid (0.8%), stearic acid (3.7%), linolenic acid (0.3%), and arachidic acid (0.1%).
The approximate percent fractions of palmitic, stearic linoleic, and arachidic acid are 13.5,17, 9, and 2, respectively.
(1995a) evaluated 20 maize populations collected from US, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay for their fatty acid compositions, and reported ranges of 6.3-18.2% for palmitic acid, 0.9-4.5% for stearic acid, 18.5-46.1% for oleic acid, 36.6-66.8% for linoleic acid, 0.0-2.0% for linolenic acid, and 0.0-1.4% for arachidic acid. In another study by the same researchers using 418 hybrids and 98 inbreds 6.7-16.5% palmitic; 0.7-6.6% stearic, 16.2-43.8% oleic, 39.5-69.5% linoleic, and 0.0-3.7% linolenic acid values were reported (DUNLAP et al., 1995b).
Whereas the remaining SFAs were myristic acid (C14:0), arachidic acid (C20:0), behenic acid (C22:0) and lignoceric acid (C24:0) each fatty acid was present less than 1%.
quinazoline-3-ol; 2',4-dihydroxychalcone-4- glucoside; 6-hydroxypeganine; 9-acetamido-3,4- dihydropyrido-(3,4-B)-indole; adhatodic acid; adhatodine; adhatonine; anisotine; anisotinine; arachidic acid; behenic acid; b-sitosterol; b- sitosterol-b-D-glucoside; betaine; cerotic acid; deoxyvascinone; lignoceric acid; linoleic acid; O-ethyl-a-D-galactoside; oleic acid; oscine; peganine; vasakin; vasicine; vasicinine; vasicinol; vasicinone; vasicol; vasicoline; vasicolinone; visicinolone [17].
# Double Common name #C Bonds Scientific name Palmitic Acid 16 0 hexadecanoic acid Palmitoleic Acid 16 1 9-hexadecenoic acid Stearic Acid 18 0 octadecanoic acid Oleic Acid 18 1 9-octadecenoic acid Vaccenic Acid 18 1 11-octadecenoic acid Linoleic Acid 18 2 9,12-octadecadienoic acid Alpha-Linolenic 18 3 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid Acid (ALA) Gamma-Linolenic 18 3 6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid Acid (GLA) Arachidic Acid 20 0 eicosanoic acid Gadoleic Acid 20 1 9-eicosenoic acid Arachidonic Acid (AA) 20 4 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid EPA 20 5 5,8,11,14,17-eicosatetraenoic acid Behenic acid 22 0 docosanoic acid Erucic acid 22 1 13-docosenoic acid DHA 22 6 4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid Lignoceric acid 24 0 tetracosanoic acid Table II.
The main fatty acids detected in cowpea seeds were palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1), stearic acid (18:0), oleic acid (18:1), linoleic acid (18:2), linolenic acid (18:3), and arachidic acid (20:0).
The concentrations of 20 FFAs (lauric acid, myristic acid, pentadecanoic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, heptadecanoic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, octadecenoic acid, linoleic acid, [gamma]-linolenic acid, [alpha]-linoleic acid, arachidic acid, eicosadienoic acid, eicosatrienoic acid, arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosatetraenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and docohexaenoic acid) were determined in uremic serum or plasma.