The presence of adonitol sugars, arabinase, arabitol
, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, glucose, inositol, lacttol, malttol, maltose, maltotriose, mannitol, mannose, melezitose, melibiose, rafnose, sorbitol, trehalose, turanose, xylitol, or xylose was not detected [AOAC/FQ-0093].
Moreover, enzymatic activity of glucose isomerase also is inhibited by xylitol, arabitol
, mannitol, and so on .
Metabolite Experimental Reference model Lactate, alanine, acetate, Equine 32 N-acetylglucosamine, citrate, creatine/creatinine, glycerol, HDL choline, and [alpha]-glucose Glycerol and hydroxybutyrate Canine 34 Glycine, serine, creatine, choline Ovine 36 hydroxyproline, creatine and proline 4-methyl-2-oxopenthanoate Human 41 O-acetylcarnitine, hexanoylcarnitine, N-phenylacetylglycine and ethanolamine Arabitol
, glucose, galactose (OA KL1); Human 50 [beta]-alanine, pyruvate, terephalate (OA KL2) HDL: high-density lipoprotein; OA: osteoarthritis; KL: Kellgren Lawrence classification of osteoarthritis.
Las especies que por el contrario mantienen su contenido de clorofilas, incluso en condiciones de perdida de humedad y alta radiacion, presentarian sustancias eficientes en la disipacion no fotoquimica del exceso de radiacion, como el arabitol
, que es sintetizado por el micobionte (Kosugi et al., 2013).
(8,13) Grapes that undergo dehydration are susceptible to microbial spoilage, leading to Botrytis cinerea-derived increases in higher alcohols, and production of high amounts of other alcohols such as glycerol, arabitol
The study carried out by  to the presence of carbohydrates are mannitol and arabitol
in large quantities in fungus filter A clavatus while also contains small amounts of glucose and Mayoainitosol and Trihazole.
Dibasic sodium phosphate, sodium carbonate, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent (FCR), sodium hydroxide, sodium tetraborate decahydrate, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, nitric acid, and hydrogen peroxide as well as standard compounds catechin, piceid (polydatin), transresveratrol, quercetin, myricetin, quercetin glucoside, kaempferol, 3, 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (3, 4-DHB), caffeic acid, syringic acid, salicylic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, sinapinic acid, myo-inositol, arabitol
, glucitol, mannitol, fucose, cellobiose, galactose, glucose, fructose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, acetic acid, were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (Germany or USA).
Characteristics Bacterial strain GSM2 Catalase - Oxidase + Urease + Citrate utilization - Nitrate reduction + Glucose + Adonitol + Lactose - Sorbitol + Esculin hydrolysis - Xylose - Maltose + Fructose + Galactose - Raffinose - Trehalose + Melibiose - Sucrose + L-Arabinose + Mannose + Inulin + Sodium gluconate + Glycerol + Salicin + Dulcitol + Inositol + Mannitol [+] Arabitol
+ Erythritol [+] [alpha]-Methyl-D-glucoside + Rhamnose + Cellobiose + Melezitose + [alpha]-Methyl-D-mannoside - Xylitol - ONPG - D-Arabinose + Malonate utilization + Sorbose - +: positive, [+]: weakly positive, and -: negative.
The fungus also generated a gradient by converting glucose and fructose into compounds that are not used by the plant host (Hampp and Schaeffer, 1999), such as mannitol, arabitol
, glycerol and non-reducing saccharides, such as trehalose, which are the main soluble carbohydrates found in ECM fungi (Martin et al.
(23), (24) In this case the fixative reins can be well-known fixatives and the sugar alcohols are selected from maltitol, soribitol, mannitol, arabitol
, galactitol, xylitol, erythritol, inositol or derivatives such as polyoxypropylene sorbitol (Uniol HS-1600D).