apraxia of speech


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apraxia

 [ah-prak´se-ah]
loss of ability to carry out familiar purposeful movements in the absence of sensory or motor impairment, especially impairment of the ability to use objects correctly.
amnestic apraxia loss of ability to carry out a movement on command due to inability to remember the command.
apraxia of gait a common disorder of the elderly in which the patient walks with a broad-based gait, taking short steps and placing the feet flat on the ground.
motor apraxia impairment of skilled movements that is not explained by weakness of the affected parts; the patient appears clumsy rather than weak.
sensory apraxia loss of ability to make proper use of an object due to lack of perception of its purpose.
apraxia of speech a speech disorder similar to motor aphasia, due to apraxia of mouth and neck muscles because of a lesion interfering with coordination of impulses from Broca's motor speech area. Called also aphemia.

aprax·i·a of speech

(ă-prak'sē-ă spēch)
Speech disorder due to cortical sensorimotor damage that impairs the ability to program speech musculature for volitional production of sequenced phonemes. Often accompanies motor aphasia.
See: apraxia, oral apraxia, developmental apraxia of speech
Synonym(s): articulatory apraxia, dyspraxia of speech, verbal apraxia, verbal dyspraxia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Traditionally, the differential diagnosis between apraxia of speech and spastic dysarthria is based on perceptual parameters, on aspects of neuroanatomical lesions and on physiological parameters that reflect the movements of speech mechanism.
X] = 26), 4 patients diagnosed with apraxia of speech with concomitant aphasia (age range: 31-55 years, [bar.
Author Margaret Fish presents students, academics, and professionals working in a wide variety of contexts with the second edition of her comprehensive guide to the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS).
Key words: aphasia, apraxia of speech, discourse production, mental practice, multisyllabic words, phoneme production, phonomotor rehabilitation, repetition, verbal production, words of increasing length.
Children with apraxia of speech are unable to produce the sounds for speech so as to be understood, despite having the ability to do so.
For example, EPG has been used to effectively treat speech production in patients with apraxia of speech (Howard & Varley, 1995), various forms of dysarthria (Gibbon & Wood, 2003; Hartelius, Theodoros, & Murdoch, 2005) cleft palate (Scobbie, Wood, & Wrench, 2004) Down's syndrome (Gibbon, McNeill, Wood, & Watson, 2003) and school-aged children who stutter (Craig et al.
The first group includes reports on the potential effects of new treatments for poststroke aprosodia, apraxia of speech, spatial-cognitive disorders, and word retrieval in aphasia.
com)-- Oana Hogrefe Photography is delighted to announce the Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association of North America (CASANA) as the beneficiary of the 2014 Childhood Calendar fundraising journey.
Ideomotor, limb, or buccofacial apraxia, as well as apraxia of speech, may be associated with acute and protracted dysphagia and should be studied.