modify prior appropriation law to allow an appropriator
also granted the US-VISIT program its full $334.6 million request, stating that they "strongly support" electronically collecting fingerprints from departing foreigners.
We can try to force this scenario into an appropriation matrix by attempting to put our morally conscientious servant in the role of an appropriator
. So doing, however, demands that we recast the moral question faced by the servant.
If the sum of these expected costs for each appropriator
exceeds the incentive to change, no appropriator
will invest the time and resources needed to create new institutions, and the status quo remains in effect.
During periods of water shortage, senior appropriators
may completely fulfill their water rights, leaving the burden of shortage on junior appropriators
who violate operational rules are likely to be assessed graduated sanctions (depending on the seriousness and context of the offense) by other appropriators
, by officials accountable to these appropriators
, or by both.
Case studies incorporating extended fieldwork were selected using the following criteria: (1) the structure of the resource management system; (2) the attributes and behavior of the appropriators
(defined as those who obtain the benefits) of the CPR; (3) the rules that the appropriators
were using; and (4) the outcome resulting from the behavior of the appropriators
would make devastating structural changes to Pell Grant eligibility and would cut Pell Grants by $44 billion over 10 years, an estimated $40 billion coming through the denial of Pell grants for some of the most vulnerable students.
Kambrod in "Lobbying Defense: An Insider's View." The book provides a how-to guide for navigating the Byzantine procurement bureaucracy and dealing with appropriators
on Capitol Hill.
"III meetings with congressional staff on both sides of the political aisle, it was clear that Senate appropriators
wanted to fix the problem as quickly as possible."
said that funds for screening and checkpoint technologies should be increased while the number of human screeners is reduced, reported Reuters.
But Senate appropriators
added about $70 million for the loan program, essentially matching a comparable increase earlier approved by the House.