28) Since noncognitive appetition
orders the subject to a good that is perfective of it, this criticism that Geiger makes of Rousselot provides an early indication that Geiger does not understand the object of the will, which he calls the "good as such," to be identical with that which is "perfective of the subject.
This relapse eliminates those flashes of novel appetition
which have constituted the means of ascent to the existing stage of complex life.
Leibniz might have in mind that there are no nonrepresentational states in the monad, appetition
being just the change from one representational state and another.
A woman's choices thus manifest what Aristotle calls intelligent appetition
, orexis dianoetike, as distinguished from appetitive intelligence (1139b4-5).
Now a monad is defined by Leibniz as a simple substance that remains self-identical through time; it has an infinite series of states or perceptions, and a primitive force or appetition
which takes each of these states into the next in the series; that is, at every moment it has not only a well-defined state, but a state of change, what Leibniz calls a 'monadic conatus'.
For from this it follows, first, that human beings think themselves to be free in so far as they are conscious of their volitions and of their appetite, and do not even dream of the causes by which they are led to appetition
and to will, since they are ignorant of them.
La actividad de este principio interno, Leibniz lo llama appetition
(6) y para determinar la monada usa el termino aristotelico entelequia, caracterizando a las monadas como entelequias.
Subjects, that is, persons, arise when bodies become organized enough (think of Aristotle's "natural body potentially alive") to affirm their own identity, first in acts of simple appetition
and avoidance, then in appropriations of the past and anticipations of the future, but always by asserting interests--making claims upon their surroundings.
Bemerkenswert ist allerdings sein Hinweis, dass diese appetition
"nicht immer die ganze Perzeption erreicht, auf die er sich richtet": Deutlicher lasst sich nicht ausdrucken, dass hinter dem Streben des Appetitus ein Spannungsverhaltnis steht--in diesem Falle das Streben, mehr zu erzielen als eine nur verworrene oder klare Perzeption, auch wenn dieses zumeist nicht gelingt.
What accounts for the distinction between them is that the property terms "one," "true," and "good" connote, respectively, a twofold negation, an aptitude to conform to intellect, or a suitability to appetition
constitutes an important form of action.
It is appetition
that accounts for the monad's indivisibility, while the infinite set of perceptions accounts for its distinctness from all other monads.