aperture

(redirected from apperture)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.

aperture

 [ap´er-chur]
inferior aperture of minor pelvis (inferior aperture of pelvis) pelvic outlet.
numerical aperture an expression of the measure of efficiency of a microscope objective.
superior aperture of minor pelvis (superior aperture of pelvis) pelvic inlet.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ap·er·ture

(ap'er-chūr),
1. Opening. An inlet or entrance to a cavity or channel. In anatomy, a gap or hole.
See also: fossa, ostium, orifice, pore. Synonym(s): apertura [TA]
2. The diameter of the objective of a microscope.
Synonym(s): aditus [TA]
[L. apertura, an opening]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ap·er·ture

(ap'ĕr-chŭr) [TA]
1. An inlet or entrance to a cavity or channel; in anatomy, an open gap or hole.
2. The diameter of the objective of a microscope.
Synonym(s): aditus [TA] , apertura [TA] .
[L. apertura, an opening]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

aperture 

An opening, or the area of a lens, through which light can pass. See pupil.
angular aperture Half of the maximum plane subtended by a lens at the axial point of an object or image. (Sometimes the full plane angle is taken as the angular aperture but this is not convenient in optical calculations.) See sine condition.
aperture of a lenticular lens That portion of a lenticular lens which has the prescribed power (British Standard).
numerical aperture An expression designating the light-gathering power of microscope objectives. It is equal to the product of the index of refraction n of the object space and the sine of the angle u subtended by a radius of the entrance pupil at the axial point on the object, i.e. n sin u.
palpebral aperture The gap between the margins of the eyelids when the eye is open. An abnormal increase in the aperture occurs in some conditions, including Graves' disease, buphthalmos, Parinaud's syndrome and retrobulbar tumour. An abnormal decrease in the aperture occurs in some conditions, including ptosis, microphthalmos and ophthalmoplegia (Figs. A15 and A16). Syn. interpalpebral fissure (this term is more accurate although used infrequently); palpebral fissure. See exophthalmos.
aperture plane See aperture plane.
aperture ratio See relative aperture.
relative aperture The reciprocal of the f number. It is therefore equal to the ratio of the diameter of the entrance pupil to the primary focal length of an optical system. Syn. aperture ratio. Note: the definition of this term is not universally accepted; some authors define it as the reverse of the above. See antimongoloid slant; f number.
Fig. A15 Palpebral aperture PA and corneal apex CAenlarge picture
Fig. A15 Palpebral aperture PA and corneal apex CA
Fig. A16 Average dimensions of the normal palpebral aperture of a Caucasian eyeenlarge picture
Fig. A16 Average dimensions of the normal palpebral aperture of a Caucasian eye
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

ap·er·ture

(ap'ĕr-chŭr) [TA]
1. [TA] Opening. An inlet or entrance to a cavity or channel. In anatomy, a gap or hole.
Synonym(s): apertura.
2. The diameter of the objective of a microscope.
See also: fossa, ostium, orifice
Synonym(s): aditus [TA] .
[L. apertura, an opening]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Nakatsuka reasons that the results are applicable qualitatively to a circular apperture case.
In this example the following is assumed, a C-band radar antenna has an apperture size of 12 ft.
The space-based synthetic apperture radar (SAR), the inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) and their use in conjunction with a real aperture radar system (RAR) is explored by McCandless in Chapter 4.