Exclusion criteria for the HCG were as follows: (i) having a clinically documented diagnosis of PFPS, bursitis around hip or knee or tendinitis; (ii) having an history of undergone knee surgery past three months, traumatic hip or knee injury; (iii) having documented meniscus lesions, plica syndrome, knee instability, chondropathy, patellar subluxation or dislocation; and (iv) having an history of patellar tendon injury, distraction apophysitis
around the knee.
Severs disease (calcaneal apophysitis
)--is a common cause of heel pain in child/teenage athletes, due to overuse and repetitive microtrauma of the growth plates of the calcaneus Children aged from 7-15 are most commonly affected and it predominates in males.
He was initially diagnosed of patellar apophysitis
and a course of physical therapy started.
Forty-six injury diagnoses were recorded, with the most common being tendonitis and tendinopathy, patellofemoral pain syndrome, apophysitis
, ankle impingement syndrome, and hip labral tear.
They claimed that there is no true secondary ossification center at the inferior pole of patella and previously reported inferior pole BP (Saupe classification Type I) was actually sequel of Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease (traction apophysitis
of inferior patellar pole).
Medial epicondyle apophysitis
and avulsion injuries
Osgood-Schlatter disease ranks as the most common apophysitis
ischial apophyseal symptoms) and contralateral lower limbs, as well as associated reported pain of a ballet dancer with a left ischial apophysitis
during ballet exercises.
Tenderness with heel compression (squeeze test) may indicate a calcaneal fracture or apophysitis
The role of apophysitis
in the occurrence of avulsion fracture has been proposed in the literature.
Heel pain in an active adolescent: Consider calcaneal apophysitis
. Physician and Sportsmedicine 1993; 21: 89-91.