apodeme


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apodeme

an inward projection of the exoskeleton of arthropods that serves as a site for muscle attachment.
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(abbreviations: aed apod, aedeagus apodeme; cerc, cercus; distph, distiphallus; epand, epandrium; epiph, epiphallus; hypd, hypandrium; hypd a, hypandrium arm; hypd apod, hypandrium apodeme; postg, postgonite; preg, pregonite; st 5, sternite 5; st 6, sternite 6; sur, surstylus; syntgst 7+8, syntergite 7+8).
The Kruskal-Wallis analysis showed significance for 6 variables: the Ibague and Pensilvania individuals showed greater body width; populations from higher altitude showed larger cephalopharyngeal sclerites and larger ventral apodemes; the anterior spiracles from the Duitama and Pensilvania individuals were longer; and those of Sibundoy were smallest (Fig.
Specifically, he mentioned (i) tergite 9+ectoproct--separate in Kimochrysa (as opposed to fused in Hypochrysa, both sexes), (ii) male ectoproct in Kimochrysa-- lacking a long, slender "appendage" (probably the apodeme) that occurs in Hypochrysa, and (iii) subgenitale (female)-- unsclerotized in Kimochrysa (as opposed to sclerotized in Hypochrysa).
The fossula of the cyrtometopinines slopes deeply down rearwards into the axial furrow joining the S3 apodeme. That of the cheirurinines curves down forward from the S3 furrow to meet the prefixigenal and the preglabellar furrows somewhat ahead.
The abductor has multiple origins on the posterior, ventral, and lateral areas of the head and an insertion on a lateral apodeme. This muscle is part of a class I lever system, providing the inforce for opening the mandible.
Diagonostic features observed in females were: stigmata located post-laterally and very close to seta v1; sejugal apodeme not visible; post-sternal apodeme reduced; seta pl" (spike) absent in tarsus II; apodeme 4 extending postero-lateral relative to the base of seta 3b; tergite setae (c1, c2, d, e, f, h) with similar sizes, between 8 and 12 [micro]m, except for c1, which is thin, smooth, whereas the others are slightly thickened and serrated (Fig.
Pedipalp: All setae acuminate; femur 5.54-6.15, patella 2.14-2.38, chela 5.55-5.74, hand 2.35-2.53 times longer than broad; movable finger 1.27-1.36 times longer than hand, without large basal apodeme (Fig.
The terminology follows the proposal of Cummig & Wood (2009) with the specific term gonocoxal apodeme proposed by Quate & Brown (2004).
Apodeme 2 (ap2) meeting Apodeme 4 (ap4) ...............6- Apodeme 2 (ap2) not meeting Apodeme 4 (ap4) .........86.