The following abbreviation are used; BL-body length; BW--body width; HW--head width; VL--vertex length; WL--forewing length; WW--forewing width; AL--antenna length; MTL--metatibia length; MP--male proctiger length; PL--paramere length; AB--length of proximal segment of aedeagus; AA--length of distal segment of aedeagus; FP--female proctiger length; SL--female subgenital plate length; FA--length of apical process
of female proctiger; FL--forewing pad length; CL--circumanal ring length; CPL--caudal plate length; CW--caudal plate width.
Flagellomere 12 with apical process
, setulose in both sexes; tarsal claws simple and curved at basal third; male cerci secondarily deeply lobed; gonostyli 7.
Widens (Weirauch, 2007), based on the form of the median apical process
of the endosoma.
Distiphallus (Figs 11, 12) is an intricate structure: it has a large ventral process, which bears a digitiform ventral process; both apical process
and ventral edge above the ventral process serrate.
timehriby the shortened vertex and frons, the possession of one strong curved apical process
on the aedeagus of males and an anal segment with two symmetrical processes.
Vertex with two round spots, head and thorax golden yellow; male pygofer with long, slender hook-like process; aedeagus without paired apical process
In longitudinal sections of the apical processes
, the microvilli are arranged at right angles to the long axis of each apical process
(Plate 3-20, 3-21).
The genus is characterized by the presence of a distinct apical process
on the embolic division of the male pedipalp.
Neuron-like cells within the ciliary bands were visible; their characteristic shape, with a thick apical process
, suggested they might be sensory cells (Fig.
Abdomen sparse grayish pruinosity, without a median band; surstylus with a small triangular apical process
; pregonites and postgonites consisting of 2 pairs of asymmetrical subuliform processes; phallus consisting of a V-shaped dorsal sclerite with a small acute apical process
and indistinct membranous part (Shi et al.
Dorsal part of gonostylus with protruding apical process
somewhat bent mesad and a sub-basal short internal hump-like lobe bearing apical setae.
6A); left paramere with apical process
with ventral surface distinctly toothed basally (Fig.