22); setulose necks and apical process
Antenna (n = 5): scape obconical 0.09-0.10 mm long, pedicel globose 0.06 mm long, and flagellomeres binodal and tricircumfilar; nodes, internodes, and necks setulose; basal and distal circumfila of each flagellomere with loops regular in length; reduced mid-circumfila (Figure 6); flagellomeres 1 and 2 connate; flagellomeres 1 + 2, 0.43-0.48 mm long; flagellomeres 3 and 4, 0.20-0.21 mm long; flagellomere 5, 0.20-0.22 mm long; flagellomere 6, 0.20-0.23 mm long; flagellomeres 7-9, 0.20-0.22 mm long; flagellomeres 10 and 11, 0.20-0.21 mm; and flagellomere 12, 0.20-0.22 mm long with setulose apical process
0.05-0.07 mm long.
Widens (Weirauch, 2007), based on the form of the median apical process
of the endosoma.
Vertex with two round spots, head and thorax golden yellow; male pygofer with long, slender hook-like process; aedeagus without paired apical process
.........Cicadulina - Vertex with four round spots, head and thorax greenish; male pygofer without such process; aedeagus with pair of apical processes
The distal (vitreal) end of the outer segment elongates to form a process (the apical process
) that bears 2 sets of microvilli, making up 2 opposite rhabdomeres.
The genus is characterized by the presence of a distinct apical process
on the embolic division of the male pedipalp.
Neuron-like cells within the ciliary bands were visible; their characteristic shape, with a thick apical process
, suggested they might be sensory cells (Fig.
The following abbreviation are used; BL-body length; BW--body width; HW--head width; VL--vertex length; WL--forewing length; WW--forewing width; AL--antenna length; MTL--metatibia length; MP--male proctiger length; PL--paramere length; AB--length of proximal segment of aedeagus; AA--length of distal segment of aedeagus; FP--female proctiger length; SL--female subgenital plate length; FA--length of apical process
of female proctiger; FL--forewing pad length; CL--circumanal ring length; CPL--caudal plate length; CW--caudal plate width.
Flagellomere 12 with apical process
, setulose in both sexes; tarsal claws simple and curved at basal third; male cerci secondarily deeply lobed; gonostyli 7.6 times as long as wide; aedeagus elongate, tapering to the apex and constricted subapically.
Dorsal part of gonostylus with protruding apical process
somewhat bent mesad and a sub-basal short internal hump-like lobe bearing apical setae.
6A); left paramere with apical process
with ventral surface distinctly toothed basally (Fig.