Apical cap fibrosis is relatively common and was seen in 47% of autopsy cases.
Pulmonary apical cap: a distinctive but poorly recognized lesion in pulmonary surgical pathology.
Braunsophila is the most similar to Xestomyza, but can be separated by the following characters: scape much thicker than pedicel in Xestomyza (same thickness in Braunsophila), pair of finger-like extensions on gonocoxite with strong apical setae and apical cap on aedeagus (both features absent in Braunsophila).
13); aedeagus with ventral apodeme long and forked, dorsal apodeme reduced and apical cap extended and wing-like (Figs 16, 17).
The tissue at the end of the limp is called the apical cap
. Sometimes the limb cells will stimulate the cap cells, causing the cap to be larger than would normally be expected.
The nematocyst has a closed apex; an apical cap
of electron-dense material is continuous with the thin electron-dense outer wall of the capsule that underlies the nematocyst membrane.
showing resemblance to pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (hematoxylin-eosin, original magnification x40).
The free-swimming larvae had three distinct body regions: apical cap
, trunk, and caudal region Figs.
The pulmonary apical cap
(PAC) has been recognized for more than a hundred years as an anatomically and microscopically distinct form of localized scarring, (1) although its etiology still remains a matter of speculation.
(22) Histologically, apical cap
represents a localized area of fibroelastosis that is directly subpleural, extending focally into lung parenchyma.
, also referred to as apical scar, is a form of localized pulmonary fibrosis.