Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to aphthae: canker sore


[af′thē] pl. aphthae
Etymology: Gk, aphtha, eruption
a small, shallow, painful ulceration that usually affects the oral mucosa, but not underlying bone. Aphthae occasionally may affect other body tissues, including those of the GI tract and the external genitals. They do not appear to be infectious, contagious, or sexually transmitted. See also aphthous stomatitis,foot-and-mouth disease. aphthous, adj.


(1) Canker sores.
(2) A nonspecific term for any ulcer of a mucous membrane;


Coldsores, see there; herpetic ulcers.


Plural of aphtha.


Small, superficial, and often painful ulcers of the inside of the mouth and sometimes of the skin of the genitals. See also APHTHOUS ULCERS.

Patient discussion about aphthae

Q. Is it possible to prevent appearance of oral aphthae? I get these a lot and lately I've heard it comes as a result of stress or weak immune system. Is that true? Is there a way to make it go away forever????? anyone who has ever had this annoying thing in his mouth knows what I'm talking about... I know all the possible curing ways- I'm looking for prevention now...thanx!

A. welcome to my life! every time the air get's a little dry i get 1-3 aphthae and can't eat for the next 4-6 days. so i investigated a little, and i'm sorry but right now no one really knows what causes them. they know that from some reason the body get's an immune reaction in the oral mucosa and that causes an ulcer. but a friend of mine went to an Ayurveda therapist that told him to stop eating tomatoes and eggplants (in any way, cooked,baked,fried) and he says he stop getting aphthae. so you might try Ayurveda for prevention. it could help...

Q. aphthous stomatitis can someone please explain me what it is? and what is the best way to treat it?

A. A canker sore (aphthous stomatitis) is an illness that causes small ulcers to appear in the mouth, usually inside the lips, on the cheeks, or on the tongue. What causes aphthous stomatitis (canker sores)?
The exact cause of this disease is not known. There are many factors that are thought to be involved with the development of canker sores, including:

Weakened immune system
Certain allergies may cause the lesions to appear, such as:
Citrus fruits
Viruses and bacteria

The following are the most common symptoms of aphthous stomatitis. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
Ulcers in the mouth, usually inside the lips, on the cheeks, or on the tongue
Ulcers that are covered with a yellow layer and have a red base
For the full article:
http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/info/oral/diagnose/aphthous-stomatitis.htm Hope this helps.

More discussions about aphthae
References in periodicals archive ?
The presence of oral and genital aphthae does not constitute a diagnosis of Behcet disease, an often-devastating systemic inflammatory condition occurring almost exclusively in men in the Middle and Far East.
Vulvar aphthae can be large or small, and typically are 5-20 mm in diameter, larger than oral aphthae that average 1-5 mm in diameter.
It has been found that some patients with recurrent aphthae have altered T-cell and B-cell responses, but the precise immunopathogenesis still remains unclear.
Oral manifestations of Crohn's disease other than aphthae occur in as many as 9% of patients.
It was first described by Hulusi Behcet, a Turkish Professor of Dermatology, in 1937, as a triad of recurrent aphthous stomatitis, genital aphthae, and relapsing uveitis.
A forty-seven-year-old man had a history of recurrent oral aphthae and genital ulceration, anterior uveitis, and erythema nodosum that led to a diagnosis of BD 15 years ago.
The hallmark of Crohn's disease is focal inflammation of the intestine which is evident as focal crypt inflammation, focal areas of marked chronic inflammation and the presence of aphthae and ulcers on a background of little or no chronic inflammation.
Behcet's disease (BD) was first described by the Turkish physician, Hulusi Behcet in 1937, as a triad of recurrent aphthous stomatitis, genital aphthae, and relapsing uveitis.
According to clinical studies in the treatment of aphthae, denture pressure points, and extraction wounds the preparation accelerates the healing process by 30-50%.
aphthosa was used as a remedy for cough (Vartia, 1950) and infantile aphthae (Vartia, 1950; Perez-Llano, 1944).
Major aphthae can be associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; clinicians should consider HIV testing when aphthae are large and slow to heal.