Following two unsuccessful cataract operations, Ms Smith took the tough decision to have the lens in her right eye fully removed, leaving her a true aphake
Hence the high hyperope or aphake
, very high myope or those with oblique axes of astigmatism will not be able to wear daily disposables without a significant compromise.
Whereas in the early stages, a large part of my role was to provide a refraction service for adult aphakes
, this has evolved to the point whereby almost all hospital-based refraction services are for infants, children and adults who have complex ocular problems requiring treatment interventions.
Thus the protective mechanisms of the eye against UVR damage are especially limited in very young and post-middle-age individuals and in pseudophakes with poorly UV-absorbing intraocular lenses or aphakes
. How can a runner-or anyone-supplement these mechanisms to maximally protect the eye against harmful effects of the sun?
This group has diminished with the general use of IOLs and now aphakes
needing contact lenses are those who, for whatever reason, have not had an implant or still need a further correction.