aortic valve


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valve

 [valv]
a membranous fold in a canal or passage that prevents backward flow of material passing through it.
aortic valve a semilunar valve that separates the left ventricle and the aorta; it opens with end diastole, causing the second heart sound.
atrioventricular v's the cardiac valves between the right atrium and right ventricle (tricuspid valve) and the left atrium and left ventricle (mitral valve).
bicuspid valve mitral valve.
bicuspid aortic valve a congenital anomaly of the aortic valve, caused by incomplete separation of two of the three cusps; it is generally asymptomatic early in life but is predisposed to calcification and stenosis later on.
Braschi valve a one-way valve put into the inspiratory limb of a ventilator circuit in order to measure the intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure.
cardiac v's valves that control flow of blood through and from the heart.
coronary valve a valve at the entrance of the coronary sinus into the right atrium.
flail mitral valve a mitral valve having a cusp that has lost its normal support (as in ruptured chordae tendineae) and flutters in the blood stream.
heart v's cardiac valves.
Heimlich valve a small one-way valve used for chest drainage, emptying into a flexible collection device; the valve prevents return of gases or fluids into the pleural space. The Heimlich valve is less than 13 cm (5 inches) long and facilitates patient ambulation; it can be used in many patients instead of a traditional water seal drainage system.
ileocecal valve (ileocolic valve) the valve guarding the opening between the ileum and cecum.
mitral valve the cardiac valve between the left atrium and left ventricle, usually having two cusps (anterior and posterior). Called also bicuspid valve.
Valves of the heart. The right heart pumps the venous blood into the lungs. The oxygenated blood returns from the lungs into the left atrium and is propelled by the left ventricle into the aorta. The insets show closed valves: the tricuspid valve has three leaflets, whereas the mitral valve has two leaflets. The aortic and pulmonary artery valves have three leaflets and resemble one another except for the fact that the coronary arteries originate from behind the cusps in the aorta. From Damjanov, 1996.
posterior urethral valve any of various types of congenital folds across the proximal part of the male urethra near the seminal colliculus, the most common cause of urethral obstruction in male infants.
pulmonary valve (pulmonic valve) the pocketlike cardiac valve that protects the orifice between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
pyloric valve a prominent fold of mucous membrane at the pyloric orifice of the stomach.
semilunar v's the cardiac valves that have semilunar cusps; see aortic valve and pulmonary valve.
thebesian valve coronary valve.
tricuspid valve the cardiac valve guarding the opening between the right atrium and right ventricle.
valve of vein (venous v's) any of the small cusps or folds found in the tunica intima of many veins, serving to prevent backflow of blood.

a·or·tic valve

[TA]
the valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta, consisting of three fibrous semilunar cusps (valvules), located in the adult in anterior, right posterior, and left posterior positions; they are named, however, in accordance with their embryonic derivation in which the anteriorly located cusp is the right cusp (above which the right coronary artery arises), the left posteriorly positioned cusp is designated as the left cusp (above which the left coronary artery arises), and the right posteriorly positioned cusp is designated as the posterior or noncoronary cusp.
Synonym(s): valva aortae [TA]

aortic valve

Anatomy A 3-leaflet valve at the base of the aorta which opens during systole–left ventricular contraction, then shuts during distole–atrial contraction preventing the backwash of oxygenated blood from the aorta into the ventricle

a·or·tic valve

(ā-ōr'tik valv) [TA]
The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta, consisting of three fibrous semilunar cusps (valvules). They are named in accordance with their embryonic derivation: the anteriorly located cusp is the right cusp (above which the right coronary artery arises), the left posteriorly positioned cusp is the left cusp (above which the left coronary artery arises), and the right posteriorly positioned cusp is the posterior or noncoronary cusp.

aortic valve

The three-cusp valve at the origin of the AORTA that allows easy movement of blood from the left VENTRICLE of the heart into the aorta but prevents its backward flow.

Aortic valve

A fold in the channel leading from the aorta to the left ventricle of the heart. The aortic valve directs blood flow that has received oxygen from the lungs to the aorta which transmits blood to the rest of the body.

a·or·tic valve

(ā-ōr'tik valv) [TA]
The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta, consisting of three fibrous semilunar cusps (valvules).

Patient discussion about aortic valve

Q. How does alcohol affect someone who has been diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis? My brother has been diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis and also is a smoker and does drink alcohol on the weekends. He knows that he should stop smoking but what about the effects of alcohol? Does this also contribute to his stenosis?

A. Alcohol changes blood pressure and speed of the heart- that is not a good idea if you have an Aortic stenosis. Could probably makes things worst. I would avoid alcohol… but he should ask GP.

More discussions about aortic valve
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of the approval of these devices, the FDA is requiring each manufacturer to continue to follow patients enrolled in their randomized studies for 10 years to further monitor transcatheter aortic valve safety and effectiveness, including the long-term valve durability.
Hospitals and ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) are the prime end users in the aortic valve industry, where hospitals constitute a larger end-user base for aortic valves and are expected to generate revenue of $8,106.4 million in the market by 2023.
From there, the catheter will be transported through the arteries to the narrowed aortic valve in the heart.
Complications have proven to be lower with TAVR for stroke and death compared to surgical aortic valve replacement, and interventional cardiologists believe (5) it will transform the standard of care for the majority of patients with deteriorating aortic valves.
NT-proBNP in patients of aortic valve disease: In chronic condition of left ventricle hypertrophy due to aortic valve dysfunction the plasma NT-proBNP level is increased due to pressure overload in ventricle.11 In individuals of the control group NT-proBNP plasma concentration was 24.7+-8.5 pg/ml.
Bioprosthetic valve: The Inspiris Resilia aortic valve is made of bovine tissue specially treated to last longer.
Because of persistent fever despite antibiotics, the cardiac surgery department took on board and the department advised aortic valve replacement.
In addition to the aortic valve, there are three others: the mitral, the tricuspid and the pulmonary.
After the procedure, we observed a flap-like mobile structure in the ascending aorta, above the aortic valve, which had an appearance similar to a second valve proximal to the brachiocephalic artery (Figure 2, Left).
The remainder of the exam showed a normal functioning bioprosthetic valve with an aortic valve area of 3.2 [cm.sup.2].
The heart was 10 x 12 x 7 cm; the ventricles were in diastolic position, left ventricle wall 21 mm, right ventricle 4 mm thick, myocardium on cross-section was brown, with a white hard elastic focal lesion of 10 mm in diameter in the middle of the anterior wall of the left ventricle; circumference of the tricuspid valve was 13 cm, mitral valve 10 cm, pulmonary valve 8 cm, aortic valve 7 cm; the valves were anatomically correct, leaflets were elastic, without thickening.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Nov 6 (ANI): Aortic stenosis is an ailment that leads to the narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart, which normally allows blood flow to be pumped from the main chamber of heart to the rest of body.