antrectomy


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Related to antrectomy: dumping syndrome

antrectomy

 [an-trek´to-me]
surgical excision of an antrum.

an·trec·to·my

(an-trek'tō-mē),
Removal of a portion of the walls of the maxillary antrum. Removal of the antrum (distal half) of the stomach; often combined with bilateral excision of portions of vagus nerve trunks (vagectomy) in treatment of peptic ulcer. Reconstruction of the continuity of the alimentary tract can be by a gastroduodenostomy (Billroth I) or a loop gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II).
[antrum + G. ektomē, excision]

antrectomy

(ăn-trĕk′tə-mē)
n.
Surgical excision of an antrum, such as removal of the pyloric antrum of the stomach.

an·trec·to·my

(an-trek'tŏ-mē)
1. Removal of the walls of an antrum.
2. Removal of the antrum (distal half) of the stomach.
[antrum + G. ektomē, excision]

Antrectomy

A surgical procedure for ulcer disease in which the antrum, a portion of the stomach, is removed.
Mentioned in: Gastrectomy
References in periodicals archive ?
% Duodenal ulcer Truncal vagotomy + 16 94.1 (Cicatrised) posterior gastrojejunostomy Truncal vagotomy + 1 5.9 Antrectomy Carcinoma Distal gastrectomy + 10 58.8 pyloric antecolic Roux-en-Y antrum gastrojejunostomy Subtotal gastrectomy + 5 29.4 antecolic Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy Palliative gastrojejunostomy 2 11.8
Wernicke's encephalopathy as a complication of gastroparesis after emergency partial antrectomy. S Afr Med J 2015;105(2):157.
Gastroenterostoma after Billroth antrectomy as a premalignant condition.
After all, we do focus on sterile technique because of evidence supporting germ theory, and we are no longer treating peptic ulcers with vagotomy and antrectomy because of the evidence that Helicobacter pylori causes peptic ulcers.
Most common surgeries for peptic strictures include vagotomy and antrectomy vagotomy and pyloroplasty truncalvagotomy and gastrojejunostomy pyloroplasty and laparoscopic variants.
The definitive surgery with simple closure includes simple closure + gastrojejunostomy + vagotomy, simple closure + gastrojejunostomy, simple closure + partial gastrectomy, simple closure + antrectomy + agotomy and simple closure + pyloroplasty + vagotomy.
In the past different surgical interventions have been used to repair the pyloric stenosis or gastric outflow obstruction i.e pyloromyotomy , pyloroplasty, partial or complete pylorectomy (Billroth 1) Slatter (2003), pyloroduodenotomy ,Fredet-Ramstedt pyloromyotomy, antrectomy with gastroduodenostomy or gastro- jejunostomy, Heineke-Mikulicz type pyloroplasty.
Bezoars occur most frequently in patients with a previous history of gastric operation and are detected in up to 20% of patients who have undergone antrectomy. (1) Phytobezoar formation may be due to a reduction in gastric acidity, peptic activity, poor gastric mixing, and/or delayed emptying.
A formal pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed with an end-to-end pancreaticojejunostomy, end-to-side choledochojejunostomy and an antrectomy with gastrojejunostomy.
involved Surgical procedure 1 Proximal stomach Proximal gastrectomy 2 Terminal ileum one foot Two stage procedure 3 Near total small bowel Resection and exteriorisation 4 Terminal ileum right Two stage procedure colon with perforation 5 Terminal ileum one foot Two stage procedure 6 Jejunum to mid transverse Resection and colon exteriorosation 7 Distal ileum Two stage procedure 8 Entire small bowel Resection-exteriorisation 9 Right colon Two stage procedure 10 Stomach antrum Antrectomy with feeding jejunostomy 11 Doudenal performation Segmental ileal resection, small bowel fistula Ileco-coecal anastomosis 12 Stomach body & antrum Total gastrectomy Roux Y- esophageal jejunostomy Patient Post-operative Follow-up No.
Open biopsy with anterior ethmoidectomy, left maxillary antrectomy, left total ethmoidectomy, left sphenoidectomy was performed, which showed nonseptate hyphae with right angle branching consistent with the diagnosis of mucormycosis (Figure 1).
The first recorded instance of intraoperative testing may be the electromotor test developed by Burge and Vane in 1958 (1) to assess the completeness of vagotomy in patients undergoing antrectomy because of gastric ulcer disease.