antivenin

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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
Synonym(s): antivenene
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin

(ăn′tē-vĕn′ĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antitoxin active against the venom of a snake, spider, or other venomous animal or insect.
2. An animal serum containing antivenins. It is used in medicine to treat poisoning caused by animal or insect venom.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in)
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]
References in periodicals archive ?
The specific recommendations that have been implemented by countries include antivenom registration, production guidelines and quality control of antivenoms.
Brown snake antivenom was administered via intravenous infusion, but Mr X responded with a hypotensive anaphylactic reaction, requiring the administration of adrenaline.
Assessment of an ovine antivenom raised against venom from the desert black cobra (Walterinnesia aegyptia).
Neutralizing potency of horse antibothropic Brazilian antivenom again Bothrops snake venom from the Amazonian rain forest.
Regarding treatment, administration of scorpion antivenom, which only neutralizes circulating toxin, is recommended in moderate and severe cases.
PhD candidate David Williams from AVRU, who coordinated the project in PNG, said snakebite is a neglected public health problem compounded by antivenom shortages, poor infrastructure and inadequate health worker training in many of the world's least developed countries, including PNG.
Antivenom is manufactured by the South African Institute for Medical Research (SAIMR).
Ending the drought: new strategies for improving the flow of affordable, effective antivenoms in Asia and Africa.
Cost-Effectiveness of Antivenoms for Snakebite Envenoming in 16 Countries in West Africa.
But while the snake is said to have enough venom in one bite to kill 100 men, there are no recorded human deaths from a bite by the species, thanks to its shy and reclusive nature, its remote location and the widespread availability of antivenom in Australia.