antivenin


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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
Synonym(s): antivenene
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin

/an·ti·ven·in/ (-ven´in) a material used in treatment of poisoning by animal venom.
black widow spider antivenin  a. .
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent  a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans)   a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans) .
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius)  , North American coral snake antivenin a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius) .
polyvalent crotaline antivenin  a. (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

antivenin

(ăn′tē-vĕn′ĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antitoxin active against the venom of a snake, spider, or other venomous animal or insect.
2. An animal serum containing antivenins. It is used in medicine to treat poisoning caused by animal or insect venom.

antivenin

[an′tiven′in]
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, venenum, poison
a suspension of venom-neutralizing antibodies prepared from the serum of immunized horses. Antivenin confers passive immunity and is given as a part of emergency first aid for various snake and insect bites. Also called antivenom.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in)
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin, antivenene

a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal. Prepared by immunization of serum-producing animals, usually horses. Antivenins against the venoms of most poisonous snakes, spiders and stinging fish and other aquatic species are available, but only in those areas in which the poisonous species occurs.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the corresponding time points after HBO therapy (1 h, 5 h, 12 h, and 24 h after antivenin injection), blood samples (2 ml) were collected via the abdominal aorta.
In the current study the data of scorpion stings was stud-ied from the epidemiological aspects included: sex and ages of scorpion sting victims, background of patients, antivenin treatment, month of scorpion sting, scorpion stung part of body, color of scorpi-ons, geographical place (rural/urban).
Some First-World countries have developed more purified antivenoms such as the antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent (ACP) and the Crotalidae polyvalent immune fab (CroFab; FabAV) which are effective, with reduced adverse reactions.
Over the course of his hospitalization, physicians used 40 vials - about $90,000 worth - of antivenin to combat the poison.
Aloe species have several pharmacological properties: it is antibacterial, antifungal, antivenin and has immunological properties.
A large single-center experience with treatment of patients with crotalid envenomations: outcomes with and evolution of antivenin therapy.
While the venom is often lethal if the bitten person is not treated with antivenin, its primary purpose is to kill the rattlesnake's prey, usually rodents, and to aid the snake's digestion.
Genetic origin of venom variability: impact on the preparation of antivenin serums.
Antivenin is not needed for most of these patients, and opioids may be administered safely.
Treatment for venomous snakebites has vastly improved in recent years because of a new antivenin, Savage Laboratories' CroFab.
Luckily, the copperhead is the least dangerous of the pit vipers, and many patients bitten by them may not need antivenin therapy.
It is the only jellyfish for which an antivenin has been developed.