antivenin


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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
Synonym(s): antivenene
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin

(ăn′tē-vĕn′ĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antitoxin active against the venom of a snake, spider, or other venomous animal or insect.
2. An animal serum containing antivenins. It is used in medicine to treat poisoning caused by animal or insect venom.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in)
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]
References in periodicals archive ?
These antivenins are found in the pharmacies of most hospitals where snake envenomation is endemic.
acutus antivenin immediately via the caudal vein (78 U/kg,[10] which was 0.8-fold of the above dose).
The method of administration of antivenin may depend slightly on manufacturer instructions.
Supportive therapy like administration of Neostigmine along with antivenin cobra envenomation becomes significant in our present scenario.
Seventy minutes after the bite, the patient was given 2 vials (20 ml) of "SAMIR Polyvalent Snake Antivenin" together with 2.5 mg of IV midazolam for ongoing hyperventilation.
Improvement of the general condition followed administration of the antivenin. Nonetheless, a parkinsonism-like state ensued which required long term treatment with a carbidopa-levodopa combination [16].
Recently, the nonprofit French drug firm Sanofi Pasteur had ceased the production of Fav-Afrique, the most effective antivenin against Africa's vipers, mambas, and cobras.
Antivenin is expensive and its availability limited because the venom must be milked from live snakes.
For species which are potentially lethal, often antivenin will be available, and the use of antivenin comes with its own challenges.
You must comply with the requirements antivenin (crotalidae) polyvalente usp xxiv
Serum sickness in a dog associated with antivenin therapy for snake bite caused by Crotalus adamanteus.