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, antituberculous (ant?i-too-ber'kyu-lar) (kyu-lus) [ anti- + L. tubercle]
1. Preventing or treating tuberculosis.
2. An agent used to prevent or treat tuberculosis.
Synonym: antituberculotic


therapeutically effective against tuberculosis.

antituberculous drugs
agents used in the treatment of mycobacterial infections, which in animals is limited to dogs and cats, include isoniazid, rifampicin and ethambutol. Several other drugs may be used in combination therapy to increase effectiveness. In addition, dapsone is effective against Mycobacterium leprae. See also feline leprosy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite advances in diagnostic technology and invention of new antituberculous drugs, TB continues to remain a major public health concern.
She was treated as a case of intestinal tuberculosis and completed a nine month course of antituberculous drugs.
Unlike pulmonary Kochs, osteoarticular tuberculosis should be treated with antituberculous drugs for a longer duration, preferably for 18 months.
8] Many a times, due to lack of availability of bronchoscopy in rural areas, any radiological opacity related to malignancy not resolved with antibiotics considered as due to tuberculosis, which leads to unnecessary use of antituberculous drugs and delays the diagnosis of cancer.
HLH has a well known association with disseminated tuberculous Mycobacterial infections; and even reported to occur following initiation of first line antituberculous drugs such as rifampin and isoniazid.
Antituberculous drugs may vary in their ability to kill mycobacteria, depending on whether they are located in cavitary or closed caseous lesions or within the cells.
2] However, despite the availability of effective first-line antituberculous drugs and large-scale rollout of antiretroviral therapy (ART), TB is still the most common opportunistic disease and main driver of mortality in HIV, causing up to 100 000 deaths in SA in 2012.
The condition should be kept in mind in a patient presenting with; recurrent sinusitis and bronchiectasis, asthma like symptoms and signs responding poorly to conventional treatment, recurrent lower respiratory tract infections causing fever, sweating and weight loss, tempting the physician to give a trial of antituberculous drugs.
LV is treated with antituberculous drugs similar to tuberculosis of any other organ.
7 Percent), antituberculous drugs, cephalosporins and antiepileptics (6.
45) Because of the worsening global burden of MDR-TB and extensively drugresistant TB, methods that can be used to test for resistance to second-line antituberculous drugs should receive emphasis for research and development as well as for clinical trials.
Extensive drug resistant tuberculosis (EXDR TB) was defined as multidrug resistant tuberculosis that is also resistant to at least three of the six classes of second line antituberculous drugs.