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, antituberculous (ant?i-too-ber'kyu-lar) (kyu-lus) [ anti- + L. tubercle]
1. Preventing or treating tuberculosis.
2. An agent used to prevent or treat tuberculosis.
Synonym: antituberculotic


therapeutically effective against tuberculosis.

antituberculous drugs
agents used in the treatment of mycobacterial infections, which in animals is limited to dogs and cats, include isoniazid, rifampicin and ethambutol. Several other drugs may be used in combination therapy to increase effectiveness. In addition, dapsone is effective against Mycobacterium leprae. See also feline leprosy.
References in periodicals archive ?
5) In miliary tuberculosis, open thoracotomy should not be considered until the patient has received antituberculous therapy for at least several weeks.
7] Lack of response to antituberculous medications is well documented in the literature.
The data noted included demographic information about age, gender, date of TB diagnosis based on culture report, date of ESR test with its value date of commencement of antituberculous treatment and HIV status along with any co-morbid conditions.
Two cases had deep infection, one settled down after two months and second case received antituberculous treatment after confirmation on tissue histopathology, and settled down after 5 months.
After the introduction of successful antituberculous regimens, the percentage of pulmonary tuberculosis cases with clinically evident secondary gastrointestinal involvement decreased from 38 to less than 5% [1-4].
In conclusion, fusidic acid has a significant antituberculous effect at the concentration of 32 mg/l and over as a second line drug in the treatment of MDR-TB.
She had been started on weight-appropriate standard antituberculous therapy with rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol.
She was successfully treated with a 6-month regimen of standard antituberculous therapy.
Initially, the FDA limited the use of these NAA tests to AFB smear-positive respiratory specimens from patients who had not received antituberculous drugs for 7 days or within the previous year.
The clinician must rely on clinical judgement in decisions regarding the need for antituberculous therapy and further diagnostic work-up because negative NAA results do not exclude the possibility of active pulmonary TB.