treatment for graves' disease in children: a long-term retrospective study at a single institution.
All patients controlled with anti-thyroid medication and those patients taken up for surgery if antithyroid drugs
was ineffective for primary thyrotoxicosis or After controlling thyrotoxicosis symptoms with medical therapy in case of toxic multinodular goiter; those with large goiter with or without compressive symptoms.
(4) Thyrotoxicosis can be treated using antithyroid drugs
, radioactive iodine, or surgery.
The four previous case reports all describe good response of TTP to PE and of GD to PE and either antithyroid drugs
[6, 8], radioiodine , or radioiodine and surgery .
The difference in the incidence of hypothyroidism during antithyroid therapy between ours and Mafauzy's study  might be due to the difference in daily dosage of antithyroid drugs
used in both studies.
The treating physician needs be cautious of this life-threatening complication, which may occur after initiating antithyroid drugs
in the neonate.
The topics selected were antithyroid drugs
, psychopharmacology, antihelminthic drugs for models 1, 2 and 3, respectively.
* Women on ATD (antithyroid drugs
) should confirm pregnancy as soon as possible, and contact their endocrinologist/obstetrician immediately
A possible explanation could be disruption of embryonic blood vessels which become fragile due to mutation in a gene involved in vasculogenesis.7,8 Other hypotheses include rupture of amniotic bands,9 teratogenic factors, intrauterine infections like chickenpox, zoster or herpes simplex, fetal exposure to cocaine, heroin, alcohol or antithyroid drugs
, oligohydramnios and external compressions.10
2011;364:1920-1931.) In the present study, selenium supplementation enhanced the effect of antithyroid drugs
in patients with recurrent Graves' disease.
While thyroid hormones produced by or given to the mother cross the placenta in only limited amounts, both thyroid antibodies and antithyroid drugs
(ATDs) readily cross the placenta and affect fetal thyroid function.