antiserum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

antiserum

 [an´tĭ-se″rum]
1. a serum containing antibodies, such as one obtained from an animal that has been subjected to the action of antigen either by injection into the tissues or blood or by infection. See also immunity and immunization. Called also immune serum.
2. a reagent source of antibody, often sold commercially.

an·ti·se·rum

(an'tē-sē'rŭm),
Polyclonal serum that contains demonstrable antibody or antibodies specific for one (monovalent or specific antiserum) or more (polyvalent antiserum) antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals inoculated with an antigenic material or from the blood of animals and people who have been stimulated by natural contact with an antigen (as in those who recover from an attack of disease).
Synonym(s): immune serum

antiserum

(ăn′tĭ-sîr′əm)
n. pl. anti·serums or anti·sera (-sîr′ə)
Human or animal serum containing antibodies that are specific for one or more antigens.

antiserum

Immunology A serum that contains Igs against specified antigens, used therapeutically

an·ti·se·rum

(an'tē-sēr'ŭm)
Serum that contains antibody or antibodies specific for one or more antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals inoculated with an antigenic material or from the blood of animals and people who have been stimulated by natural contact with an antigen (as by an attack of disease).
Synonym(s): immune serum.

antiserum

Animal or human blood serum which contains ANTIBODIES to infective organisms or to the TOXINS produced by organisms. The serum donor must previously have been infected with the organisms concerned.

antiserum

see SERUM.

antiserum

) antitoxin containing large quantities of ANTIBODIES to a specific ANTIGEN, which confers quick-acting ‘passive’ IMMUNITY when donated to an individual who may have been exposed to the antigen. For example, tetanus antiserum is injected after the possible entry of tetanus bacterium in an accident. Compare VACCINE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Increased number of embryos in synthetic inhibin treated (SI) and SFBFF antiserum treated (AI) group ewes shown in the present study, could be attributed to the stimulatory effect of inhibin or its immunoneutralization on the ovary, either through an endocrine effect by the suppressing inhibitory action of inhibin and stimulatory action of activin on ovarian gonadotrophs, and subsequently FSH secretion.
A checkerboard titration to determine the optimal dilution factor for both the antiserum and antigen coating was performed.
The sample was then incubated for 3 h at 37[degrees]C, sized fractionated by SDS-PAGE, and subjected to Western blotting using the antiserum for SL.
The commercial antiserum to BNP(1-32) recognized the inner portion of the amino-terminal arm of BNP and the precursor proBNP, which contains this epitope.
Method controls to validate the specificity of the binding of immunocytochemical reagents with tissue included: 1) omission of the primary antiserum, 2) replacement of the primary antiserum with nonimmune serum, 3) dilution profile of the primary antiserum using doubling dilutions on serial sections, 4) influence of the salt content (up to 0.5 m) of the buffer, and 5) complement-deprived antisera.
Antibodies to coagulogen failed to immunostain dot blots of coticular secretion, and the anti-cuticular secretion antiserum failed to stain coagulogen or the collective secretion of the blood cells.
A positive reaction to deer antiserum is obtained with all members of the Cervidae.
When a suitable time after injection has passed for the host animal to generate antibodies (2-3 months), blood is withdrawn from the host and the red blood cells are removed leaving only the antiserum. The antiserum contains proteins from the host animal and antibodies generated in the host (Culliford 1964; Roitt et al.
The antibodies in rabbit serum, called antiserum, can then be used to search for deer blood.
Viruses in this group react poorly with antiserum to the 1989-90 vaccine strain (A/Shanghai/11/87); however, antiserum prepared to these viruses reacted well with A/Shanghai/11/87-like viruses from the 1989-90 season.