antiserum


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antiserum

 [an´tĭ-se″rum]
1. a serum containing antibodies, such as one obtained from an animal that has been subjected to the action of antigen either by injection into the tissues or blood or by infection. See also immunity and immunization. Called also immune serum.
2. a reagent source of antibody, often sold commercially.

an·ti·se·rum

(an'tē-sē'rŭm),
Polyclonal serum that contains demonstrable antibody or antibodies specific for one (monovalent or specific antiserum) or more (polyvalent antiserum) antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals inoculated with an antigenic material or from the blood of animals and people who have been stimulated by natural contact with an antigen (as in those who recover from an attack of disease).
Synonym(s): immune serum

antiserum

/an·ti·se·rum/ (an´tĭ-se″rum) a serum containing antibody(ies), obtained from an animal immunized either by injection of antigen or by infection with microorganisms containing antigen.

antiserum

(ăn′tĭ-sîr′əm)
n. pl. anti·serums or anti·sera (-sîr′ə)
Human or animal serum containing antibodies that are specific for one or more antigens.

antiserum

[an′tisir′əm] pl. antisera, antiserums
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, whey
the serum of an animal or human containing antibodies against a specific disease, used to confer passive immunity to that disease. Antisera do not provoke the production of antibodies. There are two types of antisera: antitoxin neutralizes the toxin produced by specific bacteria but does not kill the bacteria, and antimicrobial serum acts to destroy bacteria by making them more susceptible to leukocytic action. Polyvalent antiserum acts on more than one antigenic determinant; monovalent antiserum acts on only one. Antibiotic drugs have largely replaced antimicrobial antisera. Caution must always be used in the administration of all antisera, since hepatitis or hypersensitivity reactions can result. Also called immune serum. Compare vaccine.

antiserum

Immunology A serum that contains Igs against specified antigens, used therapeutically

an·ti·se·rum

(an'tē-sēr'ŭm)
Serum that contains antibody or antibodies specific for one or more antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals inoculated with an antigenic material or from the blood of animals and people who have been stimulated by natural contact with an antigen (as by an attack of disease).
Synonym(s): immune serum.

antiserum

Animal or human blood serum which contains ANTIBODIES to infective organisms or to the TOXINS produced by organisms. The serum donor must previously have been infected with the organisms concerned.

antiserum

see SERUM.

antiserum

) antitoxin containing large quantities of ANTIBODIES to a specific ANTIGEN, which confers quick-acting ‘passive’ IMMUNITY when donated to an individual who may have been exposed to the antigen. For example, tetanus antiserum is injected after the possible entry of tetanus bacterium in an accident. Compare VACCINE.

antiserum

a serum containing antibodies. Obtained from an animal that has been exposed to antigen. Used in the prevention, treatment or diagnosis of infectious disease. See also immunity and immunization.
References in periodicals archive ?
The commercial antiserum to BNP(1-32) recognized the inner portion of the amino-terminal arm of BNP and the precursor proBNP, which contains this epitope.
In our test, 1ml of antiserum was added to 6 ml of agarose solution and mixed uniformly and allowed for solidification.
The continuing relatively high variance among RPPHS-based RM for some proteins is probably the result of several factors, including differences in antiserum reactivity, fragmentation of proteins in RM, and the transfer of values to manufacturers' RM by methods less precise than the method recommended by the IFCC C-PP.
As the total antibody repertoire of an animal is represented in an antiserum, epitopes of other members of that animal's family may be detected; deer antiserum will recognize other members of the Cervidae family as well as pronghorn of the family Antilocapridae.
The antiserum contains proteins from the host animal and antibodies generated in the host (Culliford 1964; Roitt et al.
At that point, he or she rinses the solid with deer antiserum, then with a second antibody that sticks
The test, which uses an antiserum raised against a novel peptide designed by PROMETHEUS, Proteus's advanced computer-aided molecular design technology, is being developed through Pharmapro, a joint venture with University College, Dublin.
In addition, the import volume of human; animal blood products, antiserum and vaccines amounted to 8,977.
Hemagglutination inhibition assay of influenza A(H5N6) virus from Laos with chicken and ferret antisera against reference influenza A(H5N1) viruses * Reference chicken antiserum ([double dagger]) CK/IND/BBV H5 subtype CK/VNM/8 M204 (H5N1) Antigen clade ([dagger]) (H5N1) 1 2.