A subgroup of men who had sex with men in the past 6 months completed a computer-assisted interview about antiretroviral
pill-taking and sex behavior.
It was ensured that all the patients were on the same regimen of antiretroviral
The total cost of home-based testing and initiation of antiretroviral
treatment was US$20,005, or US$172 per participant who initiated home care.
The new WHO guidelines also recommend providing antiretroviral
therapy to all children younger than 5, all pregnant and breastfeeding women with HIV, and all HIV-positive patients with partners who are not infected, regardless of a person's T-cell count.
The baby remained on the prescribed antiretroviral
treatment regimen until 18 months of age, in January 2012.
Studies were eligible for inclusion if they compared the incidence of TB in HIV-positive adults according to their use of antiretroviral
Patients received different antiretroviral
regimens between 1988 and 2009.
The changing natural history of HIV disease before and after the introduction of generic antiretroviral
therapy in southern India.
Following the convention of UNAIDS and the World Health Organization (WHO), antiretroviral
coverage is calculated as the number of individuals receiving antiretroviral
treatment, divided by the sum of the number of untreated individuals needing treatment and the number of treated individuals.
The optimal time to start antiretroviral
therapy remains one of the major unanswered questions in the current treatment era.
Most efforts for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV have concentrated on providing antiretroviral
therapy around the time of delivery and during the immediate postpartum period to protect the infant.
Researchers used a meta-analysis to review 12 research trials comparing NNRTI to Pl, the two classes of antiretroviral
drugs used in highly active antiretroviral