Table 1: Frequently Prescribed Medicines in T reatment of Acute Diarrhea Medicines used n percent Government Private tertiary tertiary care care hospital hospital ORS 100 100 Zinc 100 100 Antibiotics 15 25 Probiotics 17 99 Injectable antibiotics 3 3 Antiprotozoals, Anthelminthics 4 6 Others Antispasmodics, vitamins, 2 3 antiemetics Medicines used n percent Government Private care Secondary hospitals care hospitals ORS 100 95 Zinc 35 9 Antibiotics 78 97 Probiotics 100 100 Injectable antibiotics 9 11 Antiprotozoals, Anthelminthics 67 95 Others Antispasmodics, vitamins, 7 12 antiemetics
Average cost per day ORS+ Zinc 12 ORS+ Zinc + Probiotic 82 ORS+ Zinc + Probiotic + Antibiotic 95 ORS + Zinc + Probiotic + Antibiotic + 103 Antiprotozoal + Antihelminthics Addition of probiotics and antibiotics increases the health care cost to the family and society.
Gonzalez et al., "Piperazine N-substituted naphthyridines, pyridothienopyrimidines and pyridothienotriazines: new antiprotozoals active against Philasterides dicentrarchi," European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol.
For example, 1,8-naphthyridine derivatives have promising medicinal properties, including anti-HIV , anticancer , anti-inflammatory , antimalarial , antibacterial , antiprotozoal , antimycobacterial , and antiplatelet  activity.
For example 1,8-naphthyridine derivatives have promising medicinal properties, including anti-HIV , anticancer , anti-inflammatory , antimalarial , antibacterial , antiprotozoals , antimycobacterial , and antiplatelet .
Peinador, "Piperazine N-substituted naphthyridines, pyridothienopyrimidines and pyridothienotriazines: new antiprotozoals active against Philasterides dicentrarchi," European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol.
S (1996) Antimicrobials commonly used in avian medicine Antifungals, anthelmintics, and antiprotozoals
. Old World Aviaries.
2007); this reflects the need to continue searching for new and better antiprotozoals. Triterpenes are a group of natural products that have shown a wide range of biological activities, including leishmanicidal, trypanocidal and antiplasmodial (Chan-Bacab and Pena-Rodriquez 2001; Kayser et al.
Betulinic acid (1), isolated from the crude extract of the leaves of Pentalinon andrieuxii (Apocynaceae), together with betulinic acid acetate (2), betulonic acid (3), betulinic acid methyl ester (4), and betulin (5) were evaluated for their antiprotozoal activity.
In order to explore the possibility of improving the antiprotozoal activity of 1, a number of simple semisynthetic derivatives were prepared and/ or evaluated; these derivatives included betulinic acid acetate (2), betulonic acid (3), betulinic acid methyl esther (4) and betulin (5) (Fig.
Table 1 [IC.sub.50] ([mu]M) values of antiprotozoal activity of betulinic acid and derivates.
SIZA generic preparations include corticosteroids, analgesics, antidiarrhoeals, antiprotozoals
, antibiotics etc.