The skin secretion of the amphibian Phyllomedusa nordestina: a source of antimicrobial and antiprotozoal
Metronidazole (1-B-hydroxyethyl-2-methyl-5-nitromidazole) is a synthetic anti-bacterial and antiprotozoal
The various biological activities exhibited by these compounds were reviewed [8-11] and some of them comprise antimicrobial [12-17], antitubercular [18,19], anticancer [20-23], antioxidant [24, 25], antiprotozoal
, anthelmintic , antimalarial , antiulcer , analgesic, and anti-inflammatory ones [30-32].
Kaiser et al., "Assessment of antiprotozoal
activity of plants traditionally used in Ecuador in the treatment of leishmaniasis," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
Several research studies about antibacterial, antiprotozoal
, anticancer, antifungal, and antiviral activity of garlic can be found as the current literature is concerned .
roseus also contains ursolic acid (triterpene) and this compound is known to possess a wide range of more biological, anticancer , antimicrobial , hypoglycemic , antiprotozoal
(against Plasmodium falciparum) , antiplatelet aggregation, anti HIV-ADIS, antimycobacterium tuberculosis, anti-inflammatory , and antioxidant  activities.
activity of the extract was carried out with the microassay technique as previously described .
Structurally related antiprotozoal
drugs, namely, nitroimidazole derivatives including metronidazole (MNZ), secnidazole (SNZ), tinidazole (TNZ), ornidazole (ONZ), and metronidazole benzoate (MB), etc., are a class of veterinary drugs and are used widely as antibacterial and antiprotozoan drugs in poultry and swine dysentery .
Several studies have documented the biocidal functions of propolis, including antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal
, antiviral, anti-tumor, immune-modulation and anti-inflammatory activities (Mello et al.
Antifungal, antiviral, and antiprotozoal
activities have also been reported previously (Dua et al., 2013).
In vitro evaluation of portuguese propolis and floral sources for antiprotozoal
, antibacterial and antifungal activity.
The cases most frequently involved analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (n=373, 25.2%); antiepileptic, antipsychotic, psychoactive, and anxiolytic drugs (n=229, 16.3%); antihistamine, asthma, flu, and cough drugs (n=157, 12.0%); and antibiotic, anti-fungal; and antiprotozoal
drugs (n=74, 5.0%).