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A heat-labile and water-soluble vitamin contained in milk, yeast, and in the germ and husk of grains; also artificially synthesized; essential for growth; a deficiency of thiamin is associated with beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.
Synonym(s): aneurine, antiberiberi factor, antiberiberi vitamin, antineuritic factor, antineuritic vitamin, thiamine, vitamin B1
[thia- + vitamin]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
thiaminA water-soluble B vitamin that is a necessary cofactor in alpha-keto decarboxylation, links glycolysis with the Krebs cycle (tricarboxylic acid cycle, the main source of energy in mammals), and is critical in the production of cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Thiamin aids in digestion; improves tolerance to pain; is useful against psoriasis, shingles and seborrhoeic dermatitis; and reduces gastric acidity. Absence of thiamin results in malnutrition, softened bones and mental depression.
Grains, yeast and animal viscera.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
an·ti·neu·rit·ic vi·ta·min(an'tē-nūr-it'ik vī'tă-min)
Agent used to prevent or relieve neuritis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012