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a toxic effect caused by the ingestion or inhalation of antimony or antimony compounds. It is characterized by vomiting, diaphoresis, diarrhea, and a metallic taste in the mouth. Irritation of the skin or mucous membranes may result from external exposure. Severe poisoning resembles arsenic poisoning. Antimony and antimony compounds are common ingredients of many substances used in medicine and industry.
Poisoning caused by ingestion of antimony. Symptoms include an acrid metallic taste, cardiac failure, sweating, and vomiting about 30 min after ingestion. In large doses it causes irritation of the lining of the alimentary tract, resembling arsenic poisoning.
British antilewisite can be used as an antidote.
See also: poisoning
a chemical element, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75, symbol Sb. See Table 6. Trivalent and pentavalent antimony compounds are used in medicine as anti-infective agents in the treatment of tropical diseases, especially those of protozoan origin. All antimony compounds are potentially poisonous and must be used with caution. See also stibogluconate, meglumine.
resembles arsenic poisoning. Signs include vomiting and diarrhea. Postmortem lesions are those of gastroenteritis.
antimony potassium tartrate
a nauseant expectorant and ruminatoric. Also used as an antiparasitic agent in schistosomiasis, trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis. Called also tarter emetic.