HI data were used to determine the antigenic
relationships between swine H3 from Mexico and the United States by using antigenic
cartography 3-dimensional maps (24).
D97N and A176T occurred in two distinct antigenic
The aim of this study was to highlight sulfur mustard as an environmental risk factor for the development of MF, in support of the antigenic
And since there are always several closely related strains circulating, experts combine antigenic
and genetic characterization and modelling to predict which strains will cause the most disease in the coming months.
Most proteins are, however, not sufficiently protective on their own suggesting the need for a multiantigen/chimeric vaccine that incorporates critical tick and pathogen antigenic
epitopes [16, 25] to elicit synergistic antipathogen and antitick immune responses.
According to the company, each antigenic
peptide was individually linked to its molecular adjuvant HISP which activates the innate immune system and generates a Th1-biased immune response.
All serovars (before and after 1966) were initially designated by antigenic
In this study, a total of six peptides within VP6 protein (6-29aa, 98-121aa, 112-134aa, 125-149aa, 161-175aa, and 368-393aa) were selected having high Jameson-Wolf antigenic
The immunodiagnosis of T vivax is often performed by the ELISA test using soluble antigenic
extract of T evansi because of the high antigenic
cross-reactivity and the ease of replicating T evansi in rodents to obtain the crude extracts [11, 14, 19], but there have been few attempts to determine the differences in the type of antigen preparation or of the particular isolate from which the antigen is derived.
As a consequence of the antigenic
similarity, extensive serological cross-reactivity is observed between BoHV-1 and BoHV-5, posing problems for immunodiagnosis (5,11-14).
The ZELS and BBSRC funded amount of 32.67 millions for the project title "Combating Avian Influenza Through systematic Analysis of Antigenic
Drift Genetic Variations development Of Novel Diagnostic Tool and Vaccines".
Its products include antigenic
probes and diagnostic tests.